Structure and photoluminescence of wurtzite/zinc-blende heterostructure GaN nanorods

Xu, H. Y.; Liu, Z.; Liang, Y.; Rao, Y. Y.; Zhang, X. T.; Hark, S. K.
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/28/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 13, p133108
Academic Journal
GaN nanorods with a wurtzite/zinc-blende (WZ/ZB) heterostructure are synthesized by chemical vapor deposition. They have a triangular cross section and grow along the WZ [formula] direction. The WZ and ZB phases appear alternately along the nanorod’s transverse direction, forming a type-II superlattice structure. Two ultraviolet emission peaks dominate the photoluminescence spectra of the GaN nanorods. One originates from excitonic transitions within the WZ regions. The other shows an anomalous “S-shaped” energy shift with increasing temperature, and is attributed to radiative recombinations of carriers localized at potential fluctuations in ZB regions. The carrier localization also results in high luminescent efficiency of the GaN nanorods.


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