Spin transfer torque switching of magnetic tunnel junctions using a conductive atomic force microscope

Evarts, Eric R.; Cao, Limin; Ricketts, David S.; Rizzo, Nicholas D.; Bain, James A.; Majetich, Sara A.
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/28/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 13, p132510
Academic Journal
We show that a nonmagnetic conductive atomic force microscopy probe can be used to read and write magnetic bits using current passed between the tip and bit. The bits were patterned using electron beam lithography from a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) film with in-plane shape anisotropy using an MgO tunnel barrier. Probes were made having a thick Pt coating and could deliver up to several milliamps, so that MTJ structures were easily switched repeatedly using the spin transfer torque effect.


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