Performance Optimization with Efficient Polling Mechanism in IEEE 802.16 Networks with Cross-Layer Consideration

Fei Yin; Pujolle, Guy; Jong Hyuk Park; Han-Chieh Chao
December 2009
Wireless Personal Communications;Dec2009, Vol. 51 Issue 3, p635
Academic Journal
IEEE 802.16 standard suite defines a reservation-based bandwidth allocation mechanism. A SS (Subscriber Station) has to be polled to request bandwidth reservation before transmits uplink data to a BS (Base Station). In this mechanism exist two main polling modes: the unicast polling mode and the contention-based polling mode. The different polling operations in MAC (Medium Access Control) result in different PHY (PHYsical layer) frame structure that deeply affect the performance. Therefore, there should be an optimal scheme to adopt these two polling modes in order to optimize the performance. Although the standard defines five service classes to adaptively use the polling modes to fit the QoS (Quality of Service) requirements of different applications, it does not specify exactly a scheme to adopt these two polling modes efficiently and fairly during the polling process. In~this paper, we investigate the polling mechanisms in IEEE 802.16 networks, and focus the attention on the performance caused by different adoption schemes. We also propose a simple but efficient polling mechanism to optimize the performance. The simulation results verify that the performance is conditioned to the fulfillment of the polling mechanisms and our proposed optimal polling scheme can allocate bandwidth more efficient and achieve better performance.


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