TITLE

In Vivo and in Vitro Hepatotoxicity and Glutathione Interactions of N-Methyldithiocarbamate and N,N-Dimethyldithiocarbamate in the Rat

AUTHOR(S)
Thompson, Rodney W.; Valentine, Holly L.; Valentine, William M.
PUB. DATE
December 2002
SOURCE
Toxicological Sciences;Dec2002, Vol. 70 Issue 2, p269
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The ability of N-methyldithiocarbamate (NMDC) to generate methylisothiocyanate and HS- together with its greater acid stability suggest that NMDC may exert greater acute toxicity following oral exposure than its dialkyl analog,N,N-dimethyldithiocarbamate (DMDC). To assess this possibility, cell culture, perfused liver, andin vivostudies were performed to delineate differences in the hepatotoxicity and thiol interactions of NMDC and DMDC in the rat. The role of methylisothiocyanate and HS- in NMDC-induced hepatotoxicity was evaluated and glutathione interactions characterized through analysis of reduced glutathione (GSH), glutathione disulfide (GSSG), andS-methylthiocarbamoylglutathione (GSMITC) using HPLC and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Following oral administration, centrilobular hepatocyte necrosis and enzyme leakage was observed for NMDC but not for DMDC. Dose dependent decreases of intracellular GSH were produced by both dithiocarbamates in primary hepatocytes but DMDC appeared to deplete GSH through the generation of GSSG whereas NMDC produced GSMITC consistent with the generation of a methylisothiocyanate intermediate. In primary hepatocytes, both NMDC and DMDC cytotoxicity was increased by prior depletion of intracellular GSH and diminished by prior supplementation of GSH. The results obtained using perfused livers were similar for NMDC in that elevated levels of GSMITC were detected in the bile; however, DMDC produced only a modest increase of GSSG over controls that was not significantly different to that produced by NMDC. Results obtained from isolated liver mitochondria and primary hepatocytes were not consistent with NMDC producing HS--mediated inhibition of mitochondrial respiration. These data support a greater potential for hepatotoxicity to result following oral exposure to NMDC relative to DMDC and that glutathione may play a role in cytoprotection for NMDC, presumably through detoxification of a methylisothiocyanate metabolite.
ACCESSION #
44406447

 

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