# Electron temperature difference between the o-point and x-point of a magnetic island

## Related Articles

- Observation of a critical pressure gradient for the stabilization of interchange modes in simple magnetized toroidal plasmas. Federspiel, L.; Labit, B.; Ricci, P.; Fasoli, A.; Furno, I.; Theiler, C. // Physics of Plasmas;Sep2009, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p092501
The existence of a critical pressure gradient needed to drive the interchange instability is experimentally demonstrated in the simple magnetized torus TORoidal Plasma EXperiment [A. Fasoli et al., Phys. Plasmas 13, 055902 (2006)]. This gradient is reached during a scan in the neutral gas...

- Comment on â€œMathematical and physical aspects of Kappa velocity distributionâ€ [Phys. Plasmas 14, 110702 (2007)]. Hellberg, M. A.; Mace, R. L.; Baluku, T. K.; Kourakis, I.; Saini, N. S. // Physics of Plasmas;Sep2009, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p094701
A recent paper [L.-N. Hau and W.-Z. Fu, Phys. Plasmas 14, 110702 (2007)] deals with certain mathematical and physical properties of the kappa distribution. We comment on the authorsâ€™ use of a form of distribution function that is different from the â€œstandardâ€ form of the kappa...

- Relativistic electron and ion dust charging currents. Tribeche, Mouloud; Boukhalfa, Soufiane // Physics of Plasmas;Sep2009, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p094502
A first theoretical attempt is made to present a relativistic generalization of the well-known orbit-limited motion theory. The appropriate relativistic (electron and ion) dust charging currents are derived. The nonlinear electrostatic potential is then expressed in terms of the variable dust...

- Untitled. // Extra-Credit Problems in Space Science;2005, p16
The article discusses the methods and equations used to study the properties of plasma clouds near Earth. When radio waves reflect off plasma clouds, the radio frequency of the reflected signal depends on the density of the cloud. The formula that relates the reflection frequency to the density...

- Numerical simulations of electrical asymmetry effect on electronegative plasmas in capacitively coupled rf discharge. Quan-Zhi Zhang; Wei Jiang; Lu-Jing Hou; You-Nian Wang // Journal of Applied Physics;Jan2011, Vol. 109 Issue 1, p013308
Recently a so-called electrical asymmetry effect (EAE), which could achieve high-degree separate control of ion flux and energy in dual-frequency capacitively coupled radio-frequency (CCRF) discharges, was discovered theoretically by Heil et al. [J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 165202 (2008)] and...

- Local Improvement Confinement in the Ion Bernstein (IBW) Experiment on FTU (Frascati Tokamak Upgrade). Cesario, R.; Cardinali, A.; Castaldo, C.; Marinucci, M.; Ravera, G.; Bernabei, S.; Giovannozzi, E.; Leigheb, M.; Paoletti, F.; Pericoli-Ridolfini, V.; Zonca, F.; Aruzzese, G.; De Angelis, R.; Gabellieri, L.; Kroegler, H.; Mazzitelli, G.; Micozzi, P. // AIP Conference Proceedings;2003, Vol. 694 Issue 1, p74
New experiments with the ion Bernstein waves (IBW) has been performed on FTU both in Hydrogen (H) and Deuterium (D) majority plasmas, at higher radio-frequency power level, plasma density, current, lower effective ion charge than in previous campaign of 1999. Also in these conditions, no role is...

- Nonlinear effects resulting from the interaction of a large-scale AlfvÃ©n wave with a density filament. Drozdenko, T.; Morales, G. J. // Physics of Plasmas;Jul2001, Vol. 8 Issue 7, p3265
This analytic study investigates the nonlinear plasma response when a shear AlfvÃ©n wave of large transverse scale interacts with a field-aligned density perturbation whose transverse scale is comparable to the electron skin depth. The interaction between the large-scale wave and the density...

- A 50-MW Broadband Plasma Microwave Amplifier. Ponomarev, A. V.; Strelkov, P. S. // Plasma Physics Reports;Jan2004, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p62
A pure amplification regime (without accompanying generation) at two frequencies of 9.1 and 13 GHz is achieved in a plasma relativistic microwave amplifier. It is shown experimentally that an amplification regime with an output power of 40 MW can be achieved at both frequencies without changing...

- Nonlinear dynamic of low-frequency Buneman instability of a current-driven plasma. Shokri, B.; Niknam, A. R. // Physics of Plasmas;Jun2005, Vol. 12 Issue 6, p062110
Theoretical investigation of the nonlinear dynamic of the low-frequency Buneman instability of a current-driven plasma is presented. In the nonlinear stage, this instability is described by the diffusion equation with a negative nonlinear diffusion coefficient. As a result, the plasma density...