Metallic nanoparticles as intermediate reflectors in tandem solar cells

Fahr, Stephan; Rockstuhl, Carsten; Lederer, Falk
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/21/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 12, p121105
Academic Journal
Tandem thin film solar cells made of amorphous and microcrystalline silicon offer the potential for high conversion efficiencies at low costs. However, their finite thickness imposed by intrinsic materials properties hinders the complete absorption of light and requires smart photon management. We reveal a genuine strategy to use metallic nanoparticles, appropriately tailored to provide a spectrally selective reflection, as an intermediate reflector. It enhances foremost light absorption in the top cell. We show that the current density for an optimized cell can be 1.16 times larger when compared to a cell without a spectrally selective intermediate reflector.


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