Varying polymer crystallinity in nanofiber poly(3-alkylthiophene): PCBM solar cells: Influence on charge-transfer state energy and open-circuit voltage

Vandewal, Koen; Oosterbaan, Wibren D.; Bertho, Sabine; Vrindts, Veerle; Gadisa, Abay; Lutsen, Laurence; Vanderzande, Dirk; Manca, Jean V.
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/21/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 12, p123303
Academic Journal
The effect of poly(3-alkylthiophene) (P3AT) crystallinity in (nanofiber P3AT):PCBM photovoltaic devices on the energy of the charge-transfer state (ECT) and on the open-circuit voltage (Voc) is investigated for poly(3-butythiophene), poly(3-pentylthiophene) and poly(3-hexylhiophene). P3AT crystallinity, expressed as the crystalline nanofiber mass fraction f to the total P3AT mass in the spin-coating dispersion, is varied between ∼0.1 and ∼0.9 by temperature control. ECT, as obtained by Fourier-transform photocurrent spectroscopy decreased with f as ECT=ECT0-0.2f eV. Alkyl side-chain length only influences ECT0. Voc relates to ECT as Voc=ECT/q-0.6 V.


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