Nonpolar m-plane GaN on patterned Si(112) substrates by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

Ni, X.; Wu, M.; Lee, J.; Li, X.; Baski, A. A.; Özgür, Ü.; Morkoç, H.
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/14/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 11, p111102
Academic Journal
The concept of nonpolar [formula] m-plane GaN on Si substrates has been demonstrated by initiating growth on the vertical (111) sidewalls of patterned Si(112) substrates using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The Si(112) substrates were wet-etched to expose {111} planes using stripe-patterned SiNx masks oriented along the [110] direction. Only the vertical Si(111) sidewalls were allowed to participate in GaN growth by masking other Si{111} planes using SiO2, which led to m-plane GaN films. Growth initiating on the Si(111) planes normal to the surface was allowed to advance laterally and also vertically toward full coalescence. InGaN double heterostructure active layers grown on these m-GaN templates on Si exhibited two times higher internal quantum efficiencies as compared to their c-plane counterparts at comparable carrier densities. These results demonstrate a promising method to obtain high-quality nonpolar m-GaN films on large area, inexpensive Si substrates.


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