Alcohol Misuse Prevalence and Associations with Post-Operative Complications in US Surgical Patients: A Review

Harris, Alex H. S.; Frey, Madeleine S.; DeBenedetti, Anna F.; Bradley, Katharine A.
January 2008
Open Surgery Journal;2008, Vol. 2, p50
Academic Journal
We conducted a standardized review of research on the prevalence of alcohol use or misuse (including alcohol use disorders), and the association of alcohol use or misuse with post-operative surgical complications among US patients. Twenty seven studies that included a preoperative measure of alcohol use or misuse and included at least 50 US surgical patients were identified using a standardized search strategy (1950-April 2007). Twenty-two of the studies reported prevalence of alcohol use or misuse, which was highest in major otolaryngology surgeries (mostly for cancer and injuries: 22- 88.5%) and thoracic surgery (lung transplant and cancer resections: 29-33%) and ranged from 8-28% in the remaining studies. Nineteen studies examined the association between pre-operative alcohol consumption and post-operative complications suggesting positive associations between alcohol use or misuse and risk for post-operative delirium, pneumonia, cognitive decline, overall complications, and death. Most identified studies had methodological limitations, especially the widespread use of drinking assessment methods that cannot distinguish alcohol use from misuse.


Related Articles

  • Pneumonia Experience among Elderly Persons. Oliveros, Lavinia A. // Asia Pacific E-Journal of Health Social Science;Dec2014, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1 

    Pneumonia, particularly in the Philippines, remains one of the leading causes of death among all age groups, including the elderly. This study was carried out to describe pneumonia experience among elderly persons. Sixty purposively-sampled elderly persons were interviewed in Davao Oriental, the...

  • EFECTELE ETANOLULUI ASUPRA EVOLUÅ¢IEI INTOXICAÅ¢IILOR ACUTE CU INSECTICIDE ORGANOFOSFORICE. Puha, Gabriela; Hurjui, J.; Lupuşoru, Cătălina Elena; şorodoc, L. // Acta Medica Transilvanica;sep2011, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p109 

    The coingestion with ethanol in the case of patients intoxicated with organophosphoric substances (OPS) involves difficulties in the treatment management, due to the exacerbation of suppressive effects of OPS on the respiratory function. Chronic alcoholism adds other causes: tachycardia and...

  • Pneumonia and alcoholism. Pinkowish, Mary Desmond // Patient Care;9/15/1995, Vol. 29 Issue 14, p164 

    Reports on the study `High alcohol intake as a risk and prognostic factor for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)' by J. Fernandez-Sola, A. Junque, et al in Spain published in Arch Intern Med 1995;155:1649-1654. Size of the sample for study; Details of the research; Results.

  • Postoperative Complications of Beger Procedure. Samejima Peternelli, Nayana; Wajsfeld, Tali; Henrique Yazawa Santos, Felipe; Schmidt de Azevedo, Otavio; Altenfelder Silva, Rodrigo; Monteiro Pacheco Junior, Adhemar // Case Reports in Surgery;8/24/2015, Vol. 2015, p1 

    Introduction. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is considered an inflammatory disease that may cause varying degrees of pancreatic dysfunction. Conservative and surgical treatment options are available depending on dysfunction severity. Presentation of Case. A 36-year-old male with history of heavy...

  • Preoperative Alcohol Screening Scores: Association with Complications in Men Undergoing Total Joint Arthroplasty. Harris, Alex H. S.; Reeder, Rachelle; Ellerbe, Laura; Bradley, Katharine A.; Rubinsky, Anna D.; Giori, Nicholas J. // Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, American Volume;2/16/2011, Vol. 93-A Issue 4, p321 

    Background: The risks associated with preoperative alcohol misuse by patients before undergoing total joint arthroplasty are not well known, yet alcohol misuse by surgical patients is common and has been linked to an increased risk of complications after other procedures. The purpose of this...

  • Attorney General Reno wants more attention paid to alcohol.  // NCADD Washington Report;Feb99, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p1 

    Reports on the suggestion to pay more attention to alcohol abuse in the United States.

  • Open Question.  // Consumers' Research Magazine;Jun2002, Vol. 85 Issue 6, p5 

    Comments on alcoholism in the U.S. Report of the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse on the issue.

  • Editors' introduction. Allamani, Allaman; Beccaria, Franca // Contemporary Drug Problems;Summer2007, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p183 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one which discusses the decrease in alcohol consumption in Italy between 1970 and 2005 and another which identifies the prevention program for alcoholics.

  • The Impact of a Family History of Alcoholism on the Relationship Between Age at Onset of Alcohol Use and DSM-IV Alcohol Dependence. Grant, Bridget F. // Alcohol Health & Research World;1998, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p144 

    Deals with a study that investigated the relationship between lifetime alcohol dependence, age at first alcohol use, and a family history of alcoholism. Summary of findings; Discussion.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics