TITLE

Helium—hydrogen microplasma device (MPD) on postage-stamp-size plastic—quartz chips

AUTHOR(S)
Weagant, Scott; Karanassios, Vassili
PUB. DATE
October 2009
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Oct2009, Vol. 395 Issue 3, p577
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A new design of a miniaturized, atmospheric-pressure, low-power (e.g., battery-operated), self-igniting, planar-geometry microplasma device (MPD) for use with liquid microsamples is described. The inexpensive MPD was a hybrid, three-substrate quartz–plastic–plastic structure and it was formed on chips with area the size of a small postage stamp. The substrates were chosen for rapid prototyping and for speedy device-geometry testing and evaluation. The ~700-µm (diameter) and 7-mm (long) He–H2 (3% H2) microplasma was formed by applying high-voltage ac between two needle electrodes. Operating conditions were found to be critical in sustaining stable microplasma on plastic substrates. Spectral interference from the electrode materials was not observed. A small-size, electrothermal vaporization system was used for introduction of microliter volumes of liquids into the MPD. The microplasma was operated from an inexpensive power supply. And, operation from a 14.4-V battery has been demonstrated. Microplasma background emission in the spectral range between 200 and 850 nm obtained using a portable, fiber-optic spectrometer is reported. Analyte emission from microliter volumes of dilute single-element standard solutions of Cd, Cu, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Pb, and Zn is documented. Element-dependent precision was between 10–25% (the average was 15%) and detection limits ranged between 1.5 and 350 ng. The system was used for the determination of Na in diluted bottled-water samples.
ACCESSION #
44217551

 

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