TITLE

Rapid Colonization with Methicillin-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci After Surgery

AUTHOR(S)
Zingg, Walter; Demartines, Nicolas; Imhof, Alexander; Senn, Gabriela; Ruef, Christian
PUB. DATE
October 2009
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Oct2009, Vol. 33 Issue 10, p2058
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Antimicrobial resistance may compromise the efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis before surgery. The aim of this study was to measure susceptibility and clonal distribution of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) colonizing the skin around the surgery access site before and after the procedure. From March to September 2004, a series of 140 patients undergoing elective major abdominal surgery were screened for CoNS colonization at admission and 5 days after surgery. All isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility and genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Colonization rates with CoNS at admission and after surgery were 85% and 55%, respectively. The methicillin-resistant CoNS rate increased from 20% at admission to 47% after surgery ( P = 0.001). The PFGE pattern after surgery revealed more patients colonized with identical clones: 8/140 patients (8/119 strains) and 26/140 patients (26/77 strains), respectively ( P < 0.001). Our results suggest rapid recolonization of disinfected skin by resistant nosocomial CoNS. Larger studies, preferably among orthopedic or cardiovascular patients, are required to clarify whether standard antibiotic prophylaxis with first- or second-generation cephalosporins for CoNS infections may be compromised if the patient requires an additional intervention 5 days or more after the initial surgery.
ACCESSION #
44216970

 

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