Body satisfaction and body weight: gender differences and sociodemographic determinants

Austin, S. Bryn; Haines, Jess; Veugelers, Paul J.
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p313
Academic Journal
Background: Given the documented links between body satisfaction, weight-related behaviors, and weight change in adolescents, we sought to examine the prevalence of poor body satisfaction in prepubescent girls and boys and its associations with body weight, socioeconomic factors, and rural residence. Methods: We obtained data from 4254 girls and boys participating in a population-based survey of grade five students in the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. We examined gender specific associations between the prevalence of poor body satisfaction and body mass index (BMI) with generalized additive models and applied multilevel logistic regression methods to estimate associations of body satisfaction with BMI, rural residence, parental education and income, and neighborhood household income. Results: We observed a linear increase in poor body satisfaction with increasing BMI in girls. Among boys, however, we found a U-shape association where boys with low BMI and those with high BMI reported higher levels of poor body satisfaction. We also found that poor body satisfaction was more prevalent among girls whose parents had lower educational attainment and among those who reside in rural areas. Conclusion: Insight into the unique relationships between body satisfaction and BMI experienced by prepubescent children, males, and populations diverse in parental education and geographic location may help to inform public health initiatives designed to improve weight-related behaviors and reduce overweight in children.


Related Articles

  • BMI May Overestimate the Prevalence of Obesity Among Women of Lower Socioeconomic Status. Kaluski, Dorit Nitzau; Keinan-Boker, Lital; Stern, Felicia; Green, Manfred S.; Leventhal, Alex; Goldsmith, Rebecca; Chinich, Ayelet; Berry, Elliot M. // Obesity (19307381);Jul2007, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p1808 

    The article offers information on the results of a study that examines gender differences in height and weight connected with socioeconomic status (SES) and the consequent effect on body mass index (BMI) in a multiethnic society. It was found that the prevalence of obesity among women of lower...

  • Patterns of Sexual Dimorphism from Birth to Senescence. Greil, Holle // Collegium Antropologicum;Sep2006, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p637 

    Sexual dimorphism is expressed as median of the female values in percent of the median of the male values, of 4 length measurements, 3 circumferences, and 5 measurements of corpulence respectively fat. Data were obtained from a cross-sectional sample of more than 41.000 German subjects, aged...


    In this short communication the influence of classifying a model population into 5 different weight-height classes upon the exponent p of Benns index (W/Hp) was studied. Such a classification stratifies data into subspecies with different physics. The Benns index is known to be gender and also...

  • Gender Differences in Body Composition, Physical Activity, Eating Behavior and Body Image among Normal Weight Adolescents -- An Evolutionary Approach. Kirchengast, Sylvia; Marosi, Andrea // Collegium Antropologicum;Dec2008, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p1079 

    Body composition but also physical activity patterns underlie gender typical differences throughout human life. In the present study the body composition of 354 girls and 280 boys ageing between 11 and 18 years originating from Eastern Austria were analyzed using bioelectrical impedance method....

  • Bodyweight, gender, and quality of life: a population-based longitudinal study. Garner, Rochelle; Feeny, David; Thompson, Amanda; Bernier, Julie; McFarland, Bentson; Huguet, Nathalie; Kaplan, Mark; Orpana, Heather; Ross, Nancy; Blanchard, Chris // Quality of Life Research;Jun2012, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p813 

    Purpose: The objective of the paper is to describe trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQL) associated with categories of body mass index (BMI): underweight, normal weight, overweight, obese class I, and obese classes II and III. Methods: Data come from the longitudinal Canadian...

  • Consumption Frequency of Fruit Juices and Sweetened Beverages: Differences Related to Age, Gender and the Prevalence of Overweight Among Polish Adolescents. Wuenstel, Justyna W.; Wądołowska, Lidia; Słowińska, Małgorzata A.; Niedźwiedzka, Ewa; Kowalkowska, Joanna; Antoniak, Lidia // Polish Journal of Food & Nutrition Sciences;Sep2015, Vol. 65 Issue 3, p211 

    The aim of the study was to analyse the differences in the consumption frequency of fruit juices and sweetened beverages according to gender, age and the prevalence of overweight. The study involved 1,700 adolescents aged 13-19 from north-eastern Poland. The frequencies of juices and beverages...

  • The Health Impact of Nonhazardous Solid Waste Disposal in a Community: The Case of the Mare Chicose Landfill in Mauritius. Goorah, Smita Sulackshana Devi; Esmyot, Mary Libera Isabelle; Boojhawon, Ravindra // Journal of Environmental Health;Jul/Aug2009, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p48 

    The disposal of nonhazardous solid waste on the island of Mauritius is centered on the Mare Chicose landfill. Because of health concerns in the community, the authors conducted a health impact survey, took measurements of height and weight, and compared the results with a control locality. After...

  • FACTORS AFFECTING BMI. Sattar, Abdul; Baig, Shahbaz; ur Rehman, Naveed; Bashir, Badar // Professional Medical Journal;2013, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p956 

    Objective: To examine the effect of different sociodemographic factors on the BMI. Study Design: Descriptive Cross Sectional Study. Place and Duration of Study: People of Ghulam Mohammadabad and Marzi Pura attending OPD at Independent University Hospital Ghulam Mohammadabad and Marzi Pura...

  • SEX DIFFERENCES OF SOMATIC PARAMETERS IN CZECH SENIOR POPULATION. Jaromiru, Sedlacek; Jan, Cacek; Josef, Michalek; Martin, Sebera // Gymnasium: Scientific Journal of Education, Sports & Health;2012, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p154 

    At present the movement activities play more and more important role in the life of human being of any age. In this article are presented results of testing 569 Czech adult people (273 males and 296 females) older than 18 years. There are discussed sex differences results in 6 physical...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics