TITLE

Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: results from a STEPS survey

AUTHOR(S)
Pham, Luc H.; Au, Thuy B.; Blizzard, Leigh; Truong, Nhan B.; Schmidt, Michael D.; Granger, Robert H.; Dwyer, Terence
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p291
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Despite the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in Vietnam, information on the prevalence of preventable risk factors for NCD is restricted to the main urban centres of Ha Noi, and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). This population-based survey aimed to describe the prevalence of risk factors for NCD in a rural Vietnamese sample. Methods: This survey was conducted using the WHO "STEPwise approach to surveillance of non-communicable diseases" (STEPS) methodology. Participants (n = 1978) were residents of the Mekong Delta region selected by multi-stage sampling. Standardised international protocols were used to measure behavioural risk factors (smoking, alcohol consumption, fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity), physical characteristics (weight, height, waist and hip circumferences, blood pressure - BP), fasting blood glucose (BG) and total cholesterol (TC). Data were analysed using complex survey analysis methods. Results: In this sample, 8.8% of men and 12.6% of women were overweight (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m²) and 2.3% of men and 1.5% of women were obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²). The prevalence of hypertension (systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg, or taking medication for hypertension) was 27.3% for men and 16.2% for women. There were 1.0% of men and 1.1% of women with raised BG (defined as capillary whole BG of at least 6.1 mmol/L). Conclusion: We provide the first NCD risk factor profile of people living in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam using standardised methodology. Our findings for this predominantly rural sample differ from previous studies conducted in Ha Noi and HCMC, and suggest that it is inappropriate to generalise findings from the big-city surveys to the other 80% of the population.
ACCESSION #
44171706

 

Related Articles

  • Interaction between Education and Household Wealth on the Risk of Obesity in Women in Egypt. Aitsi-Selmi, Amina; Chandola, Tarani; Friel, Sharon; Nouraei, Reza; Shipley, Martin J.; Marmot, Michael G. // PLoS ONE;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: Obesity is a growing problem in lower income countries particularly among women. There are few studies exploring individual socioeconomic status indicators in depth. This study examines the interaction of education and wealth in relation to obesity, hypothesising that education...

  • Regional adiposity is a risk factor for gallstones in women.  // Nursing Standard;5/31/2006, Vol. 20 Issue 38, p18 

    The article reports on the result of a study conducted by researchers in the U.S. that determines whether regional obesity is a risk factor for gallstone disease after taking total adiposity. The study revealed that women with high-adjusted waist measures of at least 36 inches had higher...

  • Relation between Obesity and Breast Cancer in Young Women. Peacock, Susan L.; White, Emily; Daling, Janet R.; Voigt, Lynda F.; Malone, Kathleen E. // American Journal of Epidemiology;1999, Vol. 149 Issue 4, p339 

    This study was conducted to assess the relation between body size and risk of breast cancer among young women. A case-control study was conducted among women aged 21–45 years living in three counties in Washington State. Cases were women born after 1944 with invasive or in situ breast...

  • Abdominal fat increases women's CHD risk. Sandor, Rick; Rubin, Aaron // Physician & Sportsmedicine;Mar99, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p40 

    Reports on a study which examined the association between abdominal fat and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in women. CHD risk in women with high level of waist-hip ratio and waist circumference; CHD risk in women of various age.

  • Weight gain equals coronary risk. Williams, Katherine // Swim Magazine;May/Jun95, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p15 

    Reports on the Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Medical School study on the relationship between weight gain and coronary risk in women. Weight gains that result in increased chances of heat attack.

  • Fitness Doesn't Trump Fatness. C. H. // U.S. News & World Report;4/3/2006, Vol. 140 Issue 12, p64 

    The article reports that obese women are more prone to a variety of diseases. Researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts found that increased body weight and inactivity each independently affects risk factors for stroke, heart disease and more. They also found that...

  • Mid-term Body Mass Index increase among obese and non-obese individuals in middle life and deprivation status: A cohort study. Lyratzopoulos, Georgios; McElduff, Patrick; Heller, Richard F.; Hanily, Margaret; Lewis, Philip S. // BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5, p32 

    Background: In the UK, obesity is associated with a clear socioeconomic gradient, with individuals of lower socioeconomic status being more likely to be obese. Several previous studies, using individual measures of soecioeconomic status, have shown a more rapid increase in Body Mass Index (BMI)...

  • Heart-healthy menu items for women could pump up business. Grotto, Dave // Nation's Restaurant News;3/6/2006, Vol. 40 Issue 10, p18 

    The article presents a survey conducted by American Heart Association Inc. which shows that heart disease is the primary cause of death among women in the U.S. The company has launched a campaign along with other educational programs aimed at helping women more aware of the risk factors...

  • Does perceived financial strain predict depression among young women? Longitudinal findings from the Southampton Women's Survey. Dunn, Nick; Inskip, Hazel; Kendrick, Tony; Oestmann, Anne; Barnett, Jane; Godfrey, Keith; Cooper, Cyrus // Mental Health in Family Medicine;2008, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p15 

    Background Social and financial environment has an influence on the incidence of depression. We studied perceived financial strain as a risk factor for development of depression among a large cohort of young women in Southampton, UK. Methods We recruited a large number of young women in...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics