Physical activity and risk of Metabolic Syndrome in an urban Mexican cohort

Méndez-Hernández, Pablo; Flores, Yvonne; Siani, Carole; Lamure, Michel; Dosamantes-Carrasco, L. Darina; Halley-Castillo, Elizabeth; Huitrón, Gerardo; Talavera, Juan O.; Gallegos-Carrillo, Katia; Salmerón, Jorge
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p276
Academic Journal
Background: In the Mexican population metabolic syndrome (MS) is highly prevalent. It is well documented that regular physical activity (PA) prevents coronary diseases, type 2 diabetes and MS. Most studies of PA have focused on moderate-vigorous leisure-time activity, because it involves higher energy expenditures, increase physical fitness, and decrease the risk of MS. However, for most people it is difficult to get a significant amount of PA from only moderately-vigorous leisure activity, so workplace activity may be an option for working populations, because, although may not be as vigorous in terms of cardio-respiratory efforts, it comprises a considerable proportion of the total daily activity with important energy expenditure. Since studies have also documented that different types and intensity of daily PA, including low-intensity, seem to confer important health benefits such as prevent MS, we sought to assess the impact of different amounts of leisure-time and workplace activities, including low-intensity level on MS prevention, in a sample of urban Mexican adults. Methods: The study population consisted of 5118 employees and their relatives, aged 20 to 70 years, who were enrolled in the baseline evaluation of a cohort study. MS was assessed according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program, ATP III and physical activity with a validated self-administered questionnaire. Associations between physical activity and MS risk were assessed with multivariate logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of the components of MS in the study population were: high glucose levels 14.2%, high triglycerides 40.9%, high blood pressure 20.4%, greater than healthful waist circumference 43.2% and low-high density lipoprotein 76.9%. The prevalence of MS was 24.4%; 25.3% in men and 21.8% in women. MS risk was reduced among men (OR 0.72; 95%CI 0.57-0.95) and women (OR 0.78; 95%CI 0.64-0.94) who reported an amount of ≥30 minutes/day of leisure-time activity, and among women who reported an amount of ≥3 hours/day of workplace activity (OR 0.75; 95%CI 0.59-0.96). Conclusion: Our results indicate that both leisure-time and workplace activity at different intensity levels, including low-intensity significantly reduce the risk of MS. This finding highlights the need for more recommendations regarding the specific amount and intensity of leisure-time and workplace activity needed to prevent MS.


Related Articles

  • Leisure-Time Physical Activity and the Metabolic Syndrome in the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study. Ilanne-Parikka, Pirjo; Laaksonen, David E.; Eriksson, Johan G.; Lakka, Timo A.; Lindström, Jaana; Peltonen, Markku; Aunola, Sirkka; Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi, Sirkka; Uusitupa, Matti; Tuomilehto, Jaakko // Diabetes Care;Jul2010, Vol. 33 Issue 7, p1610 

    OBJECTIVE -- To assess the effects of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and resistance training on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in a post hoc analysis of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study, a randomized controlled lifestyle counseling trial. RESEARCH DESIGN AND...

  • Predicting adult metabolic syndrome from childhood body mass index: follow-up of the New Delhi birth cohort. Sachdev, H. P. S.; Osmond, C.; Fall, C. H. D.; Lakshmy, R.; Ramji, S.; Biswas, S. K. Dey; Prabhakaran, D.; Tandon, N.; Reddy, K. S.; Barker, D. J. P.; Bhargava, S. K. // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Fetal & Neonatal Edition;Oct2009, Vol. 94 Issue 10, p6 

    Objectives: To assess whether serial measurements of childhood body mass index (BMI) give clinically useful predictions of the risk of developing adult metabolic syndrome and impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes. Design/setting: Follow-up of a community-based birth cohort in Delhi,...

  • The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its predominant components among pre-and postmenopausal Ghanaian women. Arthur, Fareed Kow Nanse; Frimpong, Michael Adu; Yeboah, James Osei; Mensah, Faustina Obu; Owusu, Lawrence // BMC Research Notes;2013, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) is a clump of risk factors for development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. Menopause and age are thought to predispose women to the development of metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of MetS and identify...

  • The relative importance of modifiable potential risk factors of type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of two cohorts. Laaksonen, Maarit; Knekt, Paul; Rissanen, Harri; Härkänen, Tommi; Virtala, Esa; Marniemi, Jukka; Aromaa, Arpo; Heliövaara, Markku; Reunanen, Antti // European Journal of Epidemiology;Feb2010, Vol. 25 Issue 2, p115 

    Lifestyle factors predict type 2 diabetes occurrence, but their effect in high- and low-risk populations is poorly known. This study determines the prediction of low-risk lifestyle on type 2 diabetes in those with and without metabolic syndrome in a pooled sample of two representative Finnish...

  • Genetic Influences on Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome Related Quantitative Traits in Mauritius. Jowett, Jeremy B.; Diego, Vincent P.; Kotea, Navaratnam; Kowlessur, Sudhir; Chitson, Pierrot; Dyer, Thomas D.; Zimmet, Paul; Blangero, John // Twin Research & Human Genetics;Feb2009, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p44 

    Epidemiological studies report a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the island nation of Mauritius. The Mauritius Family Study was initiated to examine heritable factors that contribute to these high rates of prevalence and consists of 400 individuals in 24 large...

  • Supervised Walking Groups to Increase Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetic Patients. NEGRI, CARLO; BACCHI, ELISABETTA; MORGANTE, SUSANNA; SOAVE, DIEGO; MARQUES, ALESSANDRA; MENGHINI, ELISABETTA; MUGGEO, MICHELE; BONORA, ENZO; MOGHETTI, PAOLO // Diabetes Care;Nov2010, Vol. 33 Issue 11, p2333 

    OBJECTIVE-- To evaluate the impact of an exercise program organized into supervised walking groups in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-- Fifty-nine diabetic subjects were randomized to a control group receiving standard lifestyle recommendations or an intervention group...

  • ADOPCI�N DE CONDUCTAS SALUDABLES EN UNA COHORTE PROSPECTIVA DE HIJOS DE UN GRUPO DE PACIENTES DIAB�TICOS TIPO 2. Alfaro, I. Gil; Carlos, M. Contreras; Hern�ndez, C. P�rez; Vald�s, M. M. Bustos; Ana, R. Arenas; Mota, C. E. Galindo // Archivos en Medicina Familiar;2011, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p22 

    Objective: To evaluate the adoption of healthy behaviors in nutrition and physical activity and its impact on the risk factors in sons and daughters of patients with type 2 diabetes. Material and Methods: Our prospective cohort was followed up for 1 year and comprised the children of both...

  • Rationale and design of South Asian Birth Cohort (START): a Canada-India collaborative study. Anand, Sonia S.; Vasudevan, Anil; Gupta, Milan; Morrison, Katherine; Kurpad, Anura; Teo, Koon K.; Srinivasan, Krishnamachari // BMC Public Health;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: People who originate from the Indian subcontinent (South Asians) suffer among the highest rates of type 2 diabetes in the world. Prior evidence suggests that metabolic risk factors develop early in life and are influenced by maternal and paternal behaviors, the intrauterine...

  • Is the Recent Rise in Type 2 Diabetes Incidence From 1984 to 2007 Explained by the Trend in Increasing BMI? Hardoon, Sarah L.; Morris, Richard W.; Thomas, Mary C.; Wannamethee, S. Goya; Lennon, Lucy T.; Whincup, Peter H. // Diabetes Care;Jul2010, Vol. 33 Issue 7, p1494 

    OBJECTIVE -- To estimate the extent to which increasing BMI may explain the rise in type 2 diabetes incidence in British men from 1984 to 2007. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -- A representative cohort ratio of 6,460 British men was followed-up for type 2 diabetes incidence between 1984 (aged...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics