TITLE

Does acute maternal stress in pregnancy affect infant health outcomes? Examination of a large cohort of infants born after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001

AUTHOR(S)
Endara, Skye M.; Ryan, Margaret A. K.; Sevick, Carter J.; Conlin, Ava Marie S.; Macera, Caroline A.; Smith, Tyler C.
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p252
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Infants in utero during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 may have been negatively affected by maternal stress. Studies to date have produced contradictory results. Methods: Data for this retrospective cohort study were obtained from the Department of Defense Birth and Infant Health Registry and included up to 164,743 infants born to active-duty military families. Infants were considered exposed if they were in utero on September 11, 2001, while the referent group included infants gestating in the same period in the preceding and following year (2000 and 2002). We investigated the association of this acute stress during pregnancy with the infant health outcomes of male:female sex ratio, birth defects, preterm birth, and growth deficiencies in utero and in infancy. Results: No difference in sex ratio was observed between infants in utero in the first trimester of pregnancy on September 11, 2001 and infants in the referent population. Examination of the relationship between first-trimester exposure and birth defects also revealed no significant associations. In adjusted multivariable models, neither preterm birth nor growth deficiencies were significantly associated with the maternal exposure to the stress of September 11 during pregnancy. Conclusion: The findings from this large population-based study suggest that women who were pregnant during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 had no increased risk of adverse infant health outcomes.
ACCESSION #
44171461

 

Related Articles

  • BIRTH OUTCOMES AMONG ARAB AMERICANS IN MICHIGAN BEFORE AND AFTER THE TERRORIST ATTACKS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001. El-Sayed, Abdulrahman; Hadley, Craig; Galea, Sandro // Ethnicity & Disease;Summer2008, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p348 

    Objective: To assess whether the incidence of adverse birth outcomes among Arab Americans in Michigan changed after September 11, 2001. Design: Birth data were collected on all births in Michigan from September 11, 2000, to March 11, 2001, and from September 11, 2001, to March 11, 2002....

  • An Unforgettable Birthday. McGinn, Daniel // Newsweek;12/3/2001, Vol. 138 Issue 23, p10 

    Focuses on the babies born on September 11, 2001. How families say they will work to keep their children's birthdays from being overshadowed by what is likely to become a day of solemn remembrance; Thoughts expressed by Tracy Peoples of Margate, Florida, whose daughter Hope was born on that day.

  • LOOKING BACK: September 17, 2001.  // Crain's Cleveland Business;5/16/2005, Vol. 26 Issue 20, pA16 

    The article reports that business as usual ended last Tuesday, not just in New York and Washington, but in places of work throughout Northeast Ohio. The story about the extensive psychological aftershocks felt by Northeast Ohio's work force because of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001,...

  • ATTACKING THE MYTHS. Silver, Roxane Cohen // Science & Spirit;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p26 

    The article presents a study on the impact of the attack on World Trade Center in September 11, 2001 in the U.S. Many people suffered from post-traumatic stress and psychological problems. Study shows the people who were affected on the attack were wanted to be close with important people in...

  • A Functional Polymorphism in a Serotonin Transporter Gene (5-HTTLPR) Interacts with 9/11 to Predict Gun-Carrying Behavior. Barnes, J. C.; Beaver, Kevin M.; Boutwell, Brian B. // PLoS ONE;Aug2013, Vol. 8 Issue 8, p1 

    On September 11, 2001, one of the deadliest terrorist attacks in US history took place on American soil and people around the world were impacted in myriad ways. Building on prior literature which suggests individuals are more likely to purchase a gun for self-protection if they are fearful of...

  • The Effects of the World Trade Center Event on Birth Outcomes among Term Deliveries at Three Lower Manhattan Hospitals. Lederman, Sally Ann; Rauh, Virginia; Weiss, Lisa; Stein, Janet L.; Hoepner, Lori A.; Becker, Mark; Perera, Frederica P. // Environmental Health Perspectives;Dec2004, Vol. 112 Issue 17, p1772 

    The effects of prenatal exposure to pollutants from the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster on fetal growth and subsequent health and development of exposed children remain a source of concern. We assessed the impact of gestational timing of the disaster and distance from the WTC in the 4 weeks...

  • Low birthweight in New York city and upstate New York following the events of September 11th. Brenda Eskenazi; Amy R. Marks; Ralph Catalano; Tim Bruckner; Paolo G. Toniolo // Human Reproduction;Nov2007, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p3013 

    BACKGROUND We examined pregnancy outcomes in New York City (NYC) and upstate New York after the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center disaster. METHODS Using birth certificate data for NY residents (n = 1660,401 births), we estimated risk of low birthweight (LBW: RESULTS One week after...

  • A 9-11 Baby Boomlet. Scelfo, Julie // Newsweek;6/3/2002, Vol. 139 Issue 22, p42 

    Reports that the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 may have caused a so-called baby boomlet. Reasons why traumatic events may lead to conception; Comments of individuals who became pregnant soon after September 11.

  • Fewer boys born in New York after 9/11 attacks.  // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);9/9/2006, Vol. 337 Issue 7567, p516 

    The article reports that the number of boys born in New York City decreased after the World Trade Center terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. A possible reason for this anomaly could be that the added stress may have caused pregnant women to lose a higher number of boy fetuses. Other...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics