Predictive transport simulations of internal transport barriers using the Multi-Mode model

Zhu, P.; Bateman, G.; Kritz, A. H.; Horton, W.
July 2000
Physics of Plasmas;Jul2000, Vol. 7 Issue 7
Academic Journal
The formation of internal transport barriers observed in both Joint European Torus (JET) [P. H. Rebut, R. J. Bickerton, and B. E. Keen, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1011 (1985)] and Doublet III-D Tokamak (DIII-D) [J. L. Luxon and L. G. Davis, Fusion Technol. 8, 441 (1985)] are reproduced in predictive transport simulations. These simulations are carried out for two JET-optimized shear discharges and two DIII-D negative central shear discharges using the Multi-Mode model in the time-dependent 1-1/2-D BALDUR transport code [C. E. Singer et al., Comput. Phys. Commun. 49, 275 (1988)]. The Weiland model is used for drift modes in the Multi-Mode model in combination with either Hahm-Burrell or Hamaguchi-Horton flow shear stabilization mechanisms, where the radial electric field is inferred from the measured toroidal velocity profile and the poloidal velocity profile computed using neoclassical theory. The transport barriers are apparent in both the ion temperature and thermal diffusivity profiles of the simulations. The timing and location of the internal transport barriers in the simulations and experimental data for the DIII-D cases are in good agreement, though some differences remain for the JET discharges. The formations of internal transport barriers are interpreted as resulting from a combination of ExB flow shear and weak magnetic shear mechanisms. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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