Smallest diameter carbon nanotubes

Peng, H. Y.; Peng, H.Y.; Wang, N.; Zheng, Y. F.; Zheng, Y.F.; Lifshitz, Y.; Kulik, J.; Zhang, R. Q.; Lee, C. S.; Lee, S. T.
October 2000
Applied Physics Letters;10/30/2000, Vol. 77 Issue 18
Academic Journal
Mass-selected carbon ion beam deposition (MSIBD) was used to demonstrate that the diameter of a carbon nanotube could be as small as 0.4 nm, the theoretical limit predicted but never experimentally reached so far. The deposition was performed at an elevated temperature much lower than the high temperatures (800-1000 °C) needed for deposition of carbon nanotubes by conventional methods. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that the combination of the stress induced by the ion impact and the C migration at the temperature applied formed graphitic sheets with their normal (c axis) parallel to the surface of the silicon substrate. Some sheets closed to form multiwall nanotubes. The smallest diameter of the innermost tube was found to be 0.4 nm. The novel use of MSIBD (a pure method, catalyst free, low deposition temperature, easily applied to large surfaces without surface pretreatment capable of pattern-writing) may significantly advance the carbon nanostructure technology. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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