Three-dimensionally periodic dielectric layered structure with omnidirectional photonic band gap

Johnson, Steven G.; Joannopoulos, J. D.; Joannapoulos, J.D.
November 2000
Applied Physics Letters;11/27/2000, Vol. 77 Issue 22
Academic Journal
A three-dimensionally periodic dielectric structure with a large complete photonic band gap (PBG) is presented. The structure is distinguished by a sequence of planar layers, identical except for a horizontal offset, and repeating every three layers to form an fcc lattice. The layers can be thought of as an alternating stack of the two basic two-dimensional (2D) PBG slab geometries: rods in air and air cylinders in dielectric. These high-symmetry planar cross-sections should simplify the integration of optical devices and components by allowing modification of only a single layer, using simple defects of the same form as in the corresponding 2D systems. A process for fabricating the structure with conventional planar microfabrication technology is described. Gaps of over 21% are obtained for Si/air substrates. Reasonable gaps, over 8%, can be achieved even for the moderate index ratio of 2.45 (Si/SiO[sub 2]). © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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