Surface scattering effect on the electrical resistivity of single crystalline silver nanowires self-assembled on vicinal Si (001)

Qiaojian Huang; Lilley, Carmen M.; Bode, Matthias
September 2009
Applied Physics Letters;9/7/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 10, p103112
Academic Journal
Fundamental questions as to the nature of electron surface scattering in nanoscale materials remain unanswered. In order to isolate the effects of surface scattering from grain boundary scattering, single crystalline trapezoidal silver (Ag) nanowires were self-assembled on vicinal silicon substrate. The well established kinetic theory to model electron surface scattering effects on the electrical resistivity of nanowires was extended to include trapezoidal geometries. The experimentally measured electrical resistivity for Ag nanowires was found to fit the theoretical resistivity for the case of electrons diffusely scattering from the nanowire surface.


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