Normal-distribution-function-shaped Josephson tunnel junctions

Kikuchi, Katsuya; Myoren, Hiroaki; Iizuka, Takeshi; Takada, Susumu
November 2000
Applied Physics Letters;11/27/2000, Vol. 77 Issue 22
Academic Journal
We have investigated the magnetic field dependence of the Josephson tunnel junctions whose shape is defined with a normal-distribution function. It was revealed that the normal-distribution-shaped Josephson tunnel junctions show an exponential decay and no side lobes of the Josephson current as the external magnetic field is increased. This behavior was confirmed experimentally by using the Nb/AlO[sub x]/Nb tunnel junctions with a Josephson critical current density of J[sub c]=50 A/cm[sup 2], and an area of 10 000 μm[sup 2] corresponding to the "small" junction region. Normal-distribution junctions should have a potential for wide applications to photon detection since the external magnetic field to suppress the Josephson current can be lowered to less than one tenth that of other junctions reported. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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