TITLE

EGOISM, JUSTICE, RIGHTS, AND UTILITARIANISM: STUDENT VIEWS OF CLASSIC ETHICAL POSITIONS IN BUSINESS

AUTHOR(S)
Baugher, Dan; Weisbord, Ellen
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Academic & Business Ethics;Jan2009, Vol. 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Two five-item ethical position scales were created. One assessed ethical views toward the expected consequences of an action (or teleology). The other assessed views toward the need to follow a specific rule (or deontology), with an emphasis on secular rationalism. The ethical consequences scale included the positions of egoism and utilitarianism, which consider personal and social consequences, respectively. The ethical rules scale included the positions of justice and rights, which consider rules leading to just treatment and preservation of individual rights, respectively. Items were rated on a 6-point scale of disagreement-agreement with no neutral point. Internal consistency for the ethical consequences scale was .60 and for the ethical rules scale .70 that were at acceptable levels. A paired t-test showed higher average endorsement for the ethical rules scale (t = 12.12, df = 273, p ⩽ .001). An interaction occurred between time period and score (F = 102.44, df = 3, p ⩽ .001). In 1990, students showed, on average, a higher endorsement for the ethical consequences scale than for the ethical rights scale. For 1995, 2005, and 2006, this was reversed with students showing, on average, a higher endorsement for the ethical rights scale than for the ethical consequences scale. No significant difference in the endorsement of ethical rights over ethical consequences occurred in 1995, 2005, or 2006. For these three later years, the mean difference between the two scores did not differ (p > .05).
ACCESSION #
44147892

 

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