Atomic scale characterization of oxygen vacancy segregation at SrTiO[sub 3] grain boundaries

Klie, R. F.; Klie, R.F.; Browning, N. D.; Browning, N.D.
December 2000
Applied Physics Letters;12/4/2000, Vol. 77 Issue 23
Academic Journal
We have examined the atomic structure, composition, and bonding at a nominally undoped 58° [001] tilt grain boundary in SrTiO[sub 3] in order to develop an understanding of the control that the grain boundary plane exerts over the bulk properties. Room temperature and in situ heating experiments show that there is a segregation of oxygen vacancies to the grain boundary that is increased at elevated temperatures and is independent of the cation arrangement. These measurements provide direct support for recent experimental and theoretical predictions that nonstoichiometry, and in particular oxygen vacancies, are responsible for the widely observed grain boundary properties. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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