Lancaster, Paula E.; Schumaker, Jean B.; Lancaster, Sean J. C.; Deshler, Donald D.
July 2009
Learning Disability Quarterly;Summer2009, Vol. 32 Issue 3, p165
Academic Journal
Students with disabilities must meet many testing demands, given the current emphasis on accountability and state competency testing. The purpose of this project was to develop and field test a computerized program to teach the Test-Taking Strategy (Hughes, Schumaker, Deshler, & Mercer, 1988) to secondary-level students with disabilities. The original instruction for the Test-Taking Strategy, validated by Hughes and Schumaker (1991), was transformed into a computerized format based on input from students, teachers, design experts, and technical consultants. A quasi-experimental design utilizing intact classes students with learning disabilities at both the junior-high and high-school levels was employed to determine the effects of the program. Results showed the computerized program was effective in teaching students to use the Test-Taking Strategy. Statistical differences were found between the posttests of the two groups related to their knowledge of the Test-Taking Strategy, use of the strategy steps on tests, and ability to think aloud about their use of the strategy in a test-taking situation. No differences were found between gains made by junior- and senior-high students the experimental groups. Further research is warranted to determine if this medium is effective for teaching students other types of strategies.


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