Análisis de las quejas derivadas de las prácticas quirúrgicas

Fajardo-Dolci, Germán; Rodríguez-Suárez, Francisco Javier; Campos-Castolo, Esther Mahuina; Carrillo-Jaimes, Arturo; Zavala-Suárez, Etelvina; Aguirre-Gas, Héctor Gerardo
May 2009
Medicina Interna de Mexico;may/jun2009, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p207
Academic Journal
An analysis of medical complaints was presented to the National Commission on Medical Arbitration (Comisión Nacional de Arbitraje Médico, Conamed) between June 1996 and December 2007 to determine its magnitude and to identify the causes of safety problems in medical care. Out of 182,407 complaints presented to Conamed, 87 % were resolved by the Office of Orientation and Management. The remaining 18,443 complaints were presented to the Council Directorate. Of those cases, 48 % were resolved by an agreement between the complaintants and the physicians, 31 % were not resolved by this method, and 3 % were irresolute complaints. The highest frequency of complaints was registered in the Federal District (Distrito Federal) and the State of México (Estado de México), mainly corresponding to social security institutions and private hospitals. Among the nine most frequently involved specialties, six were surgical specialties. Malpractice was identified in 25 % of all cases. The principal demands of those making complaints were the refunding of expenses in patient medical care (51 %) and indemnification (40 %) and, in those, the average amount of payments was 4.6 times greater. Due to the incidence of medical complaints, it was reasonable to investigate the causes and to take preventive and corrective actions required for the decrease of this. It has been proposed to the Mexican Academy of Surgery that this organization should use their educational leadership and assume the vanguard in the dissemination and promotion of the WHO plan "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" and the implementation in Mexico of the "Surgical Safety Checklist."


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