Barman Balfour, J.A.; Goa, K.L.
March 2001
Drugs;Mar2001, Vol. 61 Issue 5, p631
Academic Journal
â–´ Bendamustine is a bifunctional alkylating agent with cytotoxic activity against human ovarian and breast cancers in vitro. It shows only partial in vitro cross-resistance with cyclophosphamide, melphalan, carmustine and cisplatin. â–´ Bendamustine as monotherapy or as part of combination chemotherapy protocols for first-line or subsequent treatment produced objective response rates of 61 to 97% in patients with Hodgkin's disease or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) [41 to 48% in high grade NHL]. â–´ In patients with multiple myeloma, a bendamustine/ prednisone regimen produced a higher rate of complete response (32 vs 11%) and more durable responses than a melphalan/prednisone regimen. â–´ Substitution of bendamustine for cyclophosphamide in a standard first-line COP regimen (cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisolone) yielded similar response rates in patients with advanced low grade NHL. â–´ Substituting bendamustine for cyclophosphamide in the CMF protocol (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and fluorouracil) prolonged remission from 6.2 to 15.2 months in patients with metastatic breast cancer. â–´ The most common adverse events in patients receiving bendamustine are haematological events and gastrointestinal disturbances. Bendamustine has a relatively low propensity to induce alopecia.


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