Far, Mehdi Rasaei; Gorttappeh, Abdollah Hassanzadeh; Mousanejhad, Vali; Zardoshti, Mohammad Reza; Asl, Navvab Haji Hassani
April 2009
Nase More;2009, Vol. 56 Issue 1/2, p65
Academic Journal
In this study, an energy balance sheet was evaluated for the production of artemia in the Fasandoz plain of Miandoab. The research was done in 8 earthen ponds, with 2 ponds of 0.7 hectares and 6 ponds of 0.3 hectares. According to the results of the semi industrial research center in the Fasandoz plain in western Azerbaijan province, sampling shows that the biomass of artemia average 40 tons per year. According to the energy efficiency of the cyst and adult artemia compounds, the energy balance sheet is calculated as a function of biomass and protein. The amount and energy efficiency (ratio of data to saving) is estimated as a function of biomass as 0.048, and as a function of protein as 0.018. The most consumed energy is in response to application of hen fertilizer (47.74 percent) and gasoline (29.4 percent), and the least energy is consumed as required for releasing cysts (0.001). To produce brine shrimp in Uremia Lake, the bisexual Artemia urmiana should be used. Recommendations are provided for the optimal consumption of energy harvest of cysts in artemia breeding pools. In ponds designed to produce artemia, a large amount of lime should be added in the preparation stage, to increase the alkalinity of the water, such that with frequent fertilization until the end of the cycle, there is no reduction of pH in the water. The results indicate that at high salinity, artemia populations will decrease in the ponds and fewer cysts will be produced. Cytogenesis of Artemia urmiana occurs at low temperatures, such that cytogenesis should not be attempted during warm seasons.


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