Tunable magnetic and transport properties of single crystalline (Co, Ga)-codoped ZnO films

Zhonglin Lu; Hua-Shu Hsu; Yonhua Tzeng; Fengming Zhang; Youwei Du; Jung-Chun-Andrew Huang
August 2009
Applied Physics Letters;8/10/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 6, p062509
Academic Journal
A series of metallic (Co, Ga)-codoped ZnO single crystalline films have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy. All of the films exhibit metallic conducting behavior and high free carrier concentrations. Besides room temperature ferromagnetism, the anomalous Hall effect due to spin-orbit interaction was also found. Both the saturation magnetization and anomalous Hall effect can be tuned by the carrier concentration or conductivity, revealing that the ferromagnetism is carrier mediated in (Co, Ga)-codoped ZnO films. Our experimental observations are consistent with the recent theoretical description of carrier mediated magnetism in Co doped ZnO.


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