Dietary patterns associated with glycemic index and glycemic load among Alberta adolescents

Forbes, Laura E.; Storey, Kate E.; Fraser, Shawn N.; Spence, John C.; Plotnikoff, Ronald C.; Raine, Kim D.; Hanning, Rhona M.; McCargar, Linda J.
August 2009
Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Aug2009, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p648
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to assess the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of adolescents, based on a Web-based 24-h recall, and to investigate dietary predictors of GI and GL. In addition, the relationship between GI and GL and weight status was examined. A Web-based 24-h recall was completed by 4936 adolescents, aged 9-17 years; macronutrient and food group intakes were assessed using the ESHA Food Processor, the Canadian Nutrient File, and Canada’s Food Guide. Dietary GI and GL were calculated based on published GI values for foods. Students provided self-reported height and mass. Multiple regression models assessed the ability of food group choices and food behaviours to predict GI and GL. Mean GI was 55 for girls and 56 for boys. Mean GL was 128 for girls and 168 for boys. Food group choices explained 26% of the variation in GI (p < 0.01) and 84% of the variation in GL (p < 0.01). The number of meals per day explained 10% (p < 0.01), and eating meals outside of the home accounted for 2.5% (p < 0.01) of the variation in GL; however, these results disappeared when adjusted for total energy intake. The GI was positively correlated with body mass index in girls (r = 0.05, p = 0.02), and GL was significantly higher among nonoverweight boys than overweight boys. This study identified eating patterns related to daily GI and GL, and suggests certain dietary patterns that could have beneficial effects on health. It also showed that GI and GL were weakly related to weight status.


Related Articles

  • Serum leptin and total dietary energy intake: the INTERLIPID Study. Nakamura, Yasuyuki; Ueshima, Hirotsugu; Okuda, Nagako; Murakami, Yoshitaka; Miura, Katsuyuki; Kita, Yoshikuni; Okamura, Tomonori; Okayama, Akira; Turin, Tanvir; Choudhry, Sohel; Rodriguez, Beatriz; David Curb, J.; Stamler, Jeremiah // European Journal of Nutrition;Sep2013, Vol. 52 Issue 6, p1641 

    Purpose: It has been hypothesized that leptin-induced appetite suppression is impaired in obese individuals, but little human evidence is available documenting this. We investigated relations between serum leptin and total energy intake using INTERLIPID/INTERMAP data on Japanese-Americans in...

  • Association between Serum Uric Acid Levels and Diabetes Mellitus. Bandaru, Pavani; Shankar, Anoop // International Journal of Endocrinology;2011, p1 

    Serum uric acid has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease in previous studies. However, few studies have examined the association between serum uric acid and diabetes mellitus and their findings are not consistent. Therefore, we...

  • The relationship between radiological parameters from plain hip radiographs and bone mineral density in a Korean population. Im, Gun-Il; Park, Pan-Gun; Moon, Sang-Won // Journal of Bone & Mineral Metabolism;Sep2012, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p504 

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of the Singh index, cortical thickness index (CTI) and calcar-to-canal (CC) ratio with bone mineral density (BMD) as well as their relationship with physical parameters [age, gender, height, and body mass index (BMI)] in order to...

  • How do changes in body mass index in infancy and childhood associate with cardiometabolic profile in adulthood? Findings from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study. Sovio, U; Kaakinen, M; Tzoulaki, I; Das, S; Ruokonen, A; Pouta, A; Hartikainen, A-L; Molitor, J; Järvelin, M-R // International Journal of Obesity;Jan2014, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p53 

    Background/Objective:Postnatal growth patterns leading to obesity may have adverse influences on future cardiometabolic health. This study evaluated age and body mass index (BMI) at infant BMI peak (BMIP) and childhood BMI rebound (BMIR) in relation to adult cardiometabolic outcomes in the...

  • A randomized controlled trial to investigate the impact of a low glycemic Index (GI) diet on body mass index in obese adolescents. Kong, Alice P. S.; Kai Chow Choi; Chan, Ruth S. M.; Lok, Kris; Ozaki, Risa; Li, Albert M.; Chung Shun Ho; Chan, Michael H. M.; Sea, Mandy; Henry, C. Jeyakumar; Chan, Juliana C. N.; Woo, Jean // BMC Public Health;2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1 

    Background The role of a low glycemic index (GI) diet in the management of adolescent obesity remains controversial. In this study, we aim to evaluate the impact of low GI diet versus a conventional Chinese diet on the body mass index (BMI) and other obesity indices of obese adolescents. Methods...

  • Glycaemic index of some commercial gluten-free foods. Scazzina, Francesca; Dall'Asta, Margherita; Pellegrini, Nicoletta; Brighenti, Furio // European Journal of Nutrition;Sep2015, Vol. 54 Issue 6, p1021 

    Purpose: Gluten-free products present major challenges for the food industry in terms of organoleptic, technological and nutritional characteristics. The absence of gluten has been shown to affect starch digestibility, thus increasing the postprandial glycaemic response. However, in recent...

  • Alternative Methods of Accounting for Underreporting and Overreporting When Measuring Dietary Intake-Obesity Relations. Mendez, Michelle A.; Popkin, Barry M.; Buckland, Genevieve; Schroder, Helmut; Amiano, Pilar; Barricarte, Aurelio; Huerta, José-María; Quirós, José R.; Sánchez, María-José; González, Carlos A // American Journal of Epidemiology;Feb2011, Vol. 173 Issue 4, p448 

    Misreporting characterized by the reporting of implausible energy intakes may undermine the valid estimation of diet-disease relations, but the methods to best identify and account for misreporting are unknown. The present study compared how alternate approaches affected associations between...

  • Diets of obese and non-obese older subjects. Yukoh Yaegashi; Atsuko Satoh; Hideaki Kudoh; Sangun Lee; Chiaki Kitamiy; Butler, James P.; Hidetada Sasaki // Health (1949-4998);Mar2013, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p361 

    Aim: To compare diets between obese and nonobese in healthy older subjects. Methods: Fortyfive obese and eighty-seven non-obese older subjects were recruited and their habitual factors that may contribute to obesity were assessed. Intakes of food by food-group in the obesity and non-obesity...

  • Effect of green tea (Camellia sinensis) consumption on the components of metabolic syndrome in elderly. Vieira Senger, A.; Schwanke, C.; Gomes, I.; Valle Gottlieb, Maria // Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging;Sep2012, Vol. 16 Issue 9, p738 

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of the consumption of green tea on components of MS in the elderly. Design: Intervention study. Setting: The sample was selected from the Geriatric Service of Hospital São Lucas of Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul. Participants: 45 elderly...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics