The female reproductive system and control of oviposition in Locusta migratoria migratorioides

Lange, Angela B.
August 2009
Canadian Journal of Zoology;Aug2009, Vol. 87 Issue 8, p649
Academic Journal
The spermatheca acts as a repository for sperm deposited by the male and, in the African migratory locust (Locusta migratoria migratorioides (Fairmaire and Reiche, 1849)), is situated dorsal to the lateral and common oviducts. In the locust, eggs mature in the ovaries and are ovulated into the lateral oviducts where they are held until a suitable oviposition site is found. At that time, a hole is dug in the soil by the locust and, aided by muscular contractions of the upper lateral oviducts, the eggs are propelled through the common oviduct and genital chamber and deposited in a pod in the soil. Contractions of the spermathecal sac lead to sperm release, resulting in fertilization of eggs in the genital chamber. Coordination of digging and of the oviducts and spermatheca is clearly critical to the production of viable eggs. The muscles responsible for digging and both reproductive structures are under central neuronal control, incorporating neurons that express an array of neuropeptide and amine phenotypes. Many of the phenotypes are common to both reproductive tissues. A neural loop ensures the coordinated release of sperm when an egg passes into the genital chamber. This review will discuss our understanding of the neural control of these reproductive tissues and their coordination with digging.


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