Electron injection via pentacene thin films for efficient inverted organic light-emitting diodes

Changhun Yun; Hyunsu Cho; Hyeseung Kang; Young Mi Lee; Yongsup Park; Seunghyup Yoo
August 2009
Applied Physics Letters;8/3/2009, Vol. 95 Issue 5, p053301
Academic Journal
We report on the fabrication of efficient inverted organic light-emitting diodes (IOLEDs) using pentacene films as an electron injection/transport layer between Al and Alq3 layers. These IOLED devices turn on at 4.7 V and exhibit a luminous efficiency of 9.5 cd/A without any dopants or reactive metals. Analysis using space-charge-limited characteristics of electron-only devices and ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy measurement of metal/organic interfaces indicates that the efficient IOLED characteristics can be attributed partly to the electron mobility of pentacene that is 102–104 times larger than that of Alq3 and to the effective reduction in injection barrier at contacts.


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