TITLE

Can Positron Emission Tomography Be Used as a Staging Tool for Small-Cell Lung Cancer?

AUTHOR(S)
Vinjamuri, Mridula; Craig, Michael; Campbell-Fontaine, Annette; Almubarak, Mohammed; Gupta, Naresh; Rogers, John S.
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Clinical Cancer Update;Dec2008, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p49
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: Positron emission tomography (PET) is widely used for the staging evaluation of non–small-cell lung cancer; however, its use in small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains investigational. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We did a retrospective study of 137 patients to evaluate the role of PET in SCLC. Fifty-one of 137 patients had computed tomography (CT) and PET scans during initial evaluation of a lung mass. RESULTS: All 51 patients had PET-positive results for malignancy (100% sensitivity). In 40 of 51 cases (78%), the PET staging correlated with that on CT. Two of 51 patients (4%) had disease that was accurately upstaged by PET. Positron emission tomography accurately downstaged disease in 6 of 51 patients (12%). Positron emission tomography detected additional sites of disease in 13 of 42 patients (32%). Of the 13 additional sites of disease, PET detected supraclavicular nodes in 4 of 13 patients (30%) and bone lesions in 4 of 13 patients (30%). The sensitivity to detect brain lesions was 5 of 11 patients (45%) in this series. In this series, the PET results from 8 of 51 patients (16%) resulted in a change in disease management. Because of PET results, 6 of 51 patients (12%) who otherwise would not have been treated, were treated with radiation. CONCLUSION: Positron emission tomography is potentially useful for accurate initial staging of SCLC and can ensure that a patient's disease is not overstaged by CT scan, which might result in denied potentially curative treatment for limited-stage SCLC. It can identify the occult adrenal metastasis and metastasis to supraclavicular lymph nodes that are missed by CT; however, brain lesions are difficult to assess by PET.
ACCESSION #
43593345

 

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