TITLE

The Effects of Midlatitude Waves over and around the Tibetan Plateau on Submonthly Variability of the East Asian Summer Monsoon

AUTHOR(S)
Fujinami, Hatsuki; Yasunari, Tetsuzo
PUB. DATE
July 2009
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Jul2009, Vol. 137 Issue 7, p2286
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Convective variability at submonthly time scales (7–25 days) over the Yangtze and Huaihe River basins (YHRBs) and associated large-scale atmospheric circulation during the mei-yu season were examined using interpolated outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data for 12 yr having active submonthly convective fluctuation over the YHRBs within the period 1979–2004. Correlations between convection anomalies over the YHRBs and upper-level streamfunction anomalies at every grid point show two contrasting patterns. One pattern exhibits high correlations along the northern to eastern peripheries of the Tibetan Plateau (defined as the NET pattern), whereas the other has high correlations across the Tibetan Plateau (defined as the AT pattern). Composite analysis of the NET pattern shows slow southward migration of convection anomalies from the northeastern periphery of the Tibetan Plateau to southern China, in relation to southward migration of the mei-yu front caused by simultaneous amplification of upper- and low-level waves north of the YHRBs. In the AT pattern, convection anomalies migrate eastward from the western Tibetan Plateau to the YHRBs. A low-level vortex is created at the lee of the plateau by eastward-moving upper-level wave packets and associated convection from the plateau. Rossby wave trains along the Asian jet characterize the upper-level circulation anomalies in the two patterns. The basic state of the Asian jet during the mei-yu season differs between the two patterns, especially around the Tibetan Plateau. The Asian jet has a northward arclike structure in NET years, while a zonal jet dominates in AT years. These differences could alter the Rossby wave train propagation route. Furthermore, the larger zonal wavenumber of AT waves (∼7–8) than of NET waves (∼6) means faster zonal phase speed relative to the ground in the AT pattern than in the NET pattern. These differences likely explain the meridional amplification of waves north of the YHRBs in the NET pattern and the eastward wave movement across the plateau in the AT pattern.
ACCESSION #
43591021

 

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