Micrometer-sized nozzles and skimmers for the production of supersonic He atom beams

Braun, J.; Day, P.K.; Toennies, J.P.; Witte, G.
August 1997
Review of Scientific Instruments;Aug1997, Vol. 68 Issue 8, p3001
Academic Journal
Describes micrometer-sized nozzles and skimmers made from drawn glass tubes and their production of highly monoenergetic helium atom beams. Measured speed ratios of the intense beams provided by the glass nozzles; Reduction of the size of helium-atom surface-scattering time-of-flight spectrometers with the miniature nozzle-beam sources.


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