TITLE

The pattern of mucocutaneous disorders in HIV -- infected children attending care and treatment centres in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

AUTHOR(S)
Panya, Millembe F.; Mgonda, Yassin M.; Massawe, Augustine W.
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p234
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: HIV/AIDS is associated with a wide range of mucocutaneous disorders some of which are useful in the clinical staging and prognosis of the syndrome. There is paucity of information regarding the prevalence and pattern of mucocutaneous disorders among HIV infected children attending paediatric Care and Treatment Centres (CTC) in Dar es Salaam. Objective To determine the prevalence and pattern of mucocutaneous disorders among HIV infected children attending public paediatric "Care and Treatment Centres' in Dar es Salaam. Methods: This was a cross sectional descriptive study involving public paediatric "Care and Treatment Centres' in Dar es Salaam. Clinical information was obtained using a questionnaire. Dermatological examination was carried out in daylight. Investigations were taken as appropriate. Data was analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 10.0. Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests were utilized. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Three hundred and forty seven HIV infected children (52% males) attending CTCs were recruited into the study. Mucocutaneous disorders were encountered in 85% of them. There was no gender difference in the prevalence of the infective mucocutaneous disorders but males had a higher prevalence of non-infective/inflammatory dermatoses (58%) than females (42%) (p = 0.02). Overall, mucocutaneous disorders (infective + non infective) were more prevalent in advanced stages of HIV disease. Children with advanced HIV disease had a significantly increased frequency of fungal and viral infections (43% and 25% respectively than those with less advanced disease; 24% and 13% respectively (p = 0.01). Seventy four percent of the HIV-infected children with mucocutaneous disorders were already on ART. Conclusion: Mucocutaneous disorders among HIV infected children attending Care and Treatment Centres are common and highly variable. Comprehensive management should also emphasize on the management of mucocutaneous disorders.
ACCESSION #
43570707

 

Related Articles

  • FROM THE EDITOR. MYER, LANDON // Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine;Dec2011, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p5 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various reports within the issue on topics related to the Southern African HIV Clinicians Society, which include, HIV-related paediatric admissions, prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission, and HIV-exposed infants.

  • AN AIDS SURVIVOR INSPIRES KIDS WITH HIV. Wren, Jennifer // People;9/27/2010, Vol. 74 Issue 10, p142 

    This article reports on volunteer Brryan Jackson and how his struggle with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) led him to work with children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

  • Joint guidelines updated for treatment of opportunistic infections in children with HIV.  // Infectious Diseases in Children;Dec2013, Vol. 26 Issue 12, p22 

    The article offers information on guidelines for the prevention and treatment of infections in HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children as stated by National Institute of Health (NIH), Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America.

  • Seroprevalence of Chlamydophila pneumoniae in HIV-infected children in Vietnam. Trinh, Quang; Pham, Ngan; Le Nguyen, Nhut; Lam, Bao; Le Phan, Kim; Truong, Khanh; Le, Thinh; Nguyen, Hung; Tang, Thuong; Izumi, Yasuyuki; Komine-Aizawa, Shihoko; Ushijima, Hiroshi; Hayakawa, Satoshi // Journal of Infection & Chemotherapy (Springer Science & Business;Jun2013, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p538 

    A total of 89 blood samples collected from HIV-infected infants and children from provinces of southern Vietnam who were hospitalized at Children's Hospital 1, Ho Chi Minh City, during the 1-year period from October 2004 to September 2005 were submitted to serological screening for IgG, IgA, and...

  • MY LIFE. Ingham, Nikki // Children & Young People Now (Haymarket Business Publications Ltd;9/21/2010, p4 

    The article reports on the lessons learned by the author from her trip to South Africa.

  • Pharmacokinetics of lamivudine, abacavir and zidovudine administered twice daily as syrups versus scored tablets in HIV-1-infected Ugandan children. Gitta, P. K.; Kendall, L.; Musiime, V.; Adkison, K.; Kekitiinwa, A. A.; Ferrier, A.; Opilo, O.; Lou, Y.; Bwakura-Dangarembi, M. F.; Nahirya-Ntege, P.; Bakeera-Kitaka, S.; Ssenyonga, M.; Snowden, W.; Burger, D.; Walker, A. S.; Gibb, D. // Journal of the International AIDS Society;2010 Supplement 4, Vol. 13 Issue Suppl 4, p1 

    An abstract of the article "Pharmacokinetics of lamivudine, abacavir and zidovudine administered twice daily as syrups versus scored tablets in HIV-1-infected Ugandan children," by several authors including PK Gitta, L Kendall, and V Musiime is presented.

  • A young patient with perinatal HIV infection treated for 17 consecutive years with antiretroviral therapy: extremely severe lipo-accumulation picture. Manfredi, Roberto // Retrovirology;2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, p1 

    An abstract of the article "A Young Patient With Perinatal HIV Infection Treated for 17 Consecutive Years With Antiretroviral Therapy: Extremely Severe Lipo-Accumulation Picture," by Roberto Manfredi is presented.

  • Prolonged elevation of viral loads in HIV-1-infected children in a region of intense malaria transmission in Northern Uganda. Kiyingi, Herbert; Egwang, Thomas; Nannyonga, Maria // Retrovirology;2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, p1 

    An abstract of the article "Prolonged Elevation of Viral Loads in HIV-1-Infected Children in a Region of Intense Malaria Transmission in Northern Uganda," by Herbert Kiyingi, Thomas Egwang and Maria Nannyonga is presented.

  • Factor associated with getting HIV tested for infant whose born from HIV infected mothers, Thailand: 2008. Duangajna, Pradabporn // Retrovirology;2010 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, p1 

    An abstract of the article "Factor associated with getting HIV tested for infant whose born from HIV infected mothers, Thailand: 2008," by Pradabporn Duangajna is presented.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics