Association of socioeconomic status with overall overweight and central obesity in men and women: the French Nutrition and Health Survey 2006

Vernay, Michel; Malon, Aurelie; Oleko, Amivi; Salanave, Benoit; Roudier, Candice; Szego, Emmanuelle; Deschamps, Valerie; Hercberg, Serge; Castetbon, Katia
January 2009
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p215
Academic Journal
Background: Identification of subpopulations at high risk of overweight and obesity is crucial for prevention and management of obesity in different socioeconomic status (SES) categories. The objective of the study was to describe disparities in the prevalence of overweight and obesity across socioeconomic status (SES) groups in 18-74 year-old French adults. Methods: Analyses were based on a multistage stratified random sample of non-institutionalized adults aged 18-74-years-old from the French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS), a cross-sectional national survey carried out in 2006/2007. Collected data included measured anthropometry (weight, height and waist circumference (WC)), demographic and SES data (occupation, education and frequency of holiday trips as a marker of family income). SES factors associated with overweight (BMI ?? 25) and central obesity (WC above gender-specific references) were identified using multiple logistic regression. Results: Almost half (49.3%) of French adults were overweight or obese and 16.9% were obese. In men, the risk of overall overweight or obesity was associated with occupation (p < 0.05), whereas the risk of central obesity was independently associated with occupation (p < 0.05) and frequency of holiday trips (p < 0.01). In women, both overall and central overweight and obesity were independently associated with educational level (respectively p < 10-3 and p < 10-3) and frequency of holiday trips (respectively p < 0.05 and p < 10-3). Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was found to be similar to that of several neighbouring western European countries, and lower than the UK and eastern Europe. Risk of being overweight or obese varied across SES groups both in men and women, but associations were different between men and women, indicating differing determinants.


Related Articles

  • Driving to work and overweight and obesity: findings from the 2003 New South Wales Health Survey, Australia. Wen, L M; Orr, N; Millett, C; Rissel, C // International Journal of Obesity;May2006, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p782 

    Objectives:To examine possible associations between driving to work, physical activity and overweight and obesity.Design:Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a representative sample of the 2003 New South Wales Adult Health Survey, Australia.Subjects:A total of 6810 respondents aged 16...

  • The Eating Inventory, body adiposity and prevalence of diseases in a quota sample of Czech adults. Hainer, V; Kunesova, M; Bellisle, F; Parizkova, J; Braunerova, R; Wagenknecht, M; Lajka, J; Hill, M; Stunkard, A // International Journal of Obesity;May2006, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p830 

    Objective: To study the relationships between the Eating Inventory (EI) factors (restraint, disinhibition and hunger), body adiposity and prevalence of selected diseases in a quota sample of Czech adults.Subjects and Methods: The sample included 1429 men and 1624 women...

  • Anthropometric Studies on the Turkish Population-A Historical Review. Neyzi, Olcay; Saka, Hatice Nurçin; Kurtoğlu, Selim // Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology;Mar2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p1 

    A historical review of anthropometric studies conducted on Turkish children and adults is presented. In view of observed differences in growth status between children of different societies, the need for local reference standards and the methodology to be used for such studies have been...

  • Obesity as a Perceived Social Signal. Mankar, Manasee; Joshi, Radhika S.; Belsare, Prajakta V.; Jog, Maithili M.; Watve, Milind G. // PLoS ONE;2008, Vol. 3 Issue 9, p1 

    Fat accumulation has been classically considered as a means of energy storage. Obese people are theorized as metabolically 'thrifty', saving energy during times of food abundance. However, recent research has highlighted many neuro-behavioral and social aspects of obesity, with a suggestion that...

  • Association between socioeconomic status and overweight and obesity among Inuit adults: International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey, 2007-2008. Zienczuk, Natalia; Egeland, GraceM. // International Journal of Circumpolar Health;2012, Vol. 71, p1 

    Objectives. To evaluate the socio-economic correlates of overweight and obesity among Inuit undergoing rapid cultural changes. Study design. A cross-sectional health survey of 2,592 Inuit adults from 36 communities in the Canadian Arctic. Methods. Main outcome measures were overweight and...

  • Predictors of overweight and obesity among adults aged 50 years and above: Serbian national health survey. Grujić, Vera; Dragnić, Nataša; Jovanović, Vesna Mijatović; Ukropina, Snežana; Harhaji, Sanja; Radić, Ivana; Kvrgić, Svetlana // Vojnosanitetski Pregled: Military Medical & Pharmaceutical Journ;Jan2017, Vol. 74 Issue 1, p38 

    Background/Aim. Obesity is a complex and multifactorial condition related to morbidity, mortality, poor quality of life and many other problems. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity and factors associated with them (demographic, socioeconomic factors and...

  • Perceptions of healthy and desirable body size in urban Senegalese women. Holdsworth, M; Gartner, A; Landais, E; Maire, B; Delpeuch, F // International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders;Dec2004, Vol. 28 Issue 12, p1561 

    OBJECTIVE:: To examine the cultural ideals for body size held by urban Senegalese women; to determine the body size that women associate with health; and to estimate the change in prevalence of female obesity in an urban neighbourhood of Dakar. DESIGN:: Cross-sectional, population-based study in...

  • Estado nutricional de crianças menores de 24 meses em Alagoas, Brasil. Duarte, Iasmin de A. Cavalcanti; De Albuquerque, Maria de Fátima Machado; Cavalcante, Jairo Calado; Gomes, Juliane Maria Alves; Brandão, Marcília Damasceno; Pimenteira, Ana Claire Thomaz // Pan American Journal of Public Health;Apr2011, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p277 

    No abstract available.

  • Anthropometry measures and prevalence of obesity in the urban adult population of Cameroon: an update from the Cameroon Burden of Diabetes Baseline Survey. Kamadjeu, Raoul M.; Edwards, Richard; Atanga, Joseph S.; Kiawi, Emmanuel C.; Unwin, Nigel; Mbanya, Jean-Claude // BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p228 

    Background: The objective of the study was to provide baseline and reference data on the prevalence and distribution of overweight and obesity, using different anthropometric measurements in adult urban populations in Cameroon. Methods: The Cameroon Burden of Diabetes Baseline Survey was a...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics