TITLE

Prevalence and correlates of vitamin D status in African American men

AUTHOR(S)
Tseng, Marilyn; Giri, Veda; Bruner, Deborah W.; Giovannucci, Edward
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p191
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Few studies have examined vitamin D insufficiency in African American men although they are at very high risk. We examined the prevalence and correlates of vitamin D insufficiency among African American men in Philadelphia. Methods: Participants in this cross-sectional analysis were 194 African American men in the Philadelphia region who were enrolled in a risk assessment program for prostate cancer from 10/ 96-10/07. All participants completed diet and health history questionnaires and provided plasma samples, which were assessed for 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. We used linear regression models to examine associations with 25(OH)D concentrations and logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) for having 25(OH)D ≥ 15 ng/mL. Results: Mean 25(OH)D was 13.7 ng/mL, and 61% of men were classified as having vitamin D insufficiency (25(OH)D <15 ng/mL). Even among men with vitamin D intake ≥ 400 IU/day, 55% had 25(OH)D concentrations <15 ng/mL. In multivariate models, 25(OH)D concentrations were significantly associated with supplemental vitamin D intake (OR 4.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5, 12.4) for >400 vs. 0 IU/day), milk consumption (OR 5.9, 95% CI 2.2, 16.0 for ≥ 3.5 vs. <1 time per week), and blood collection in the summer. Additionally, 25(OH)D concentrations increased with more recreational physical activity (OR 1.3, 95% CI 1.1, 1.6 per hour). A significant inverse association of body mass index with 25(OH)D concentrations in bivariate analyses was attenuated with adjustment for season of blood collection. Conclusion: The problem of low vitamin D status in African American men may be more severe than previously reported. Future efforts to increase vitamin D recommendations and intake, such as through supplementation, are warranted to improve vitamin D status in this particularly vulnerable population.
ACCESSION #
43568361

 

Related Articles

  • EDITOR'S COMMENT.  // Journal of Mid-life Health;Apr-Jun2013, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p135 

    The author comments on the reasons given in the journal for the high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in India.

  • Sharp increase in the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in Isfahan, Iran. Etemadifar, Masoud; Maghzi, Amir-Hadi // Multiple Sclerosis Journal;Aug2011, Vol. 17 Issue 8, p1022 

    Background: The epidemiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has changed in recent decades.Objectives: This study aimed to give an update on the prevalence and incidence of MS in Isfahan, Iran.Methods: The study population was all residents of Isfahan province during the period from April 2003 to...

  • DEFICIT DE VITAMINA D EN MUJERES ADULTAS DE LA CIUDAD DE BUENOS AIRES. Arevalo, Cecilia E.; Nuñez, Myriam; Barcia, Ricardo E.; Sarandria, Pablo; Miyazato, Miriam // Medicina (Buenos Aires);2009, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p635 

    Vitamin D deficiency is a common cause of morbidity. We prospectively studied 224 consecutive female patients in order to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and to assess the utility of various clinical and biochemical markers in predicting the deficiency. All of them were...

  • Nutrient deficiency linked to psoriatic arthritis.  // Chain Drug Review;1/16/2012, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p47 

    The article reports on the prevalence of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) which is due to vitamin D deficiency, according to a research published in the journal "Arthritis Care & Research."

  • Poster 152: Prevalence of 25‐Hydroxy Vitamin D Deficiency in the Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation Population. Pellicane, Anthony J.; Schnitzer, Thomas; Wysocki, Nicole M. // PM & R: Journal of Injury, Function & Rehabilitation;Sep2009 Supplement 9S, Vol. 1, pS169 

    No abstract available.

  • Vitamin D deficiency and causative factors in the population of Tehran. Hashemipour, Sima; Larijani, Bagher; Adibi, Hossein; Javadi, Ebrahim; Sedaghat, Mojtaba; Pajouhi, Mohammad; Soltani, Akbar; Shafaei, Ali Reza; Hamidi, Zohreh; Khalili Fard, Ali Reza; Hossein-Nezhad, Arash; Booya, Fargol // BMC Public Health;2004, Vol. 4, p38 

    Background: There are multiple studies in different countries regarding the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. These studies showed high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Asian countries. This study tries to elucidate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and its influencing factors in...

  • Is Idiopathic Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Associated with Serum 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Deficiency? Tutar, Belgin; Berkiten, Güler; Akgün, Fatih; Karaketir, Semih; Üstün, Onur; Uyar, Yavuz; Tuna, Ömür Biltekin // European Archives of Medical Research;Dec2019, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p245 

    Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common cause of peripheral vertigo in the general population. We investigated the role of 25-hydroxy (25- OH) vitamin D deficiency in BPPV by comparing 25-OH vitamin D levels in healthy controls and in patients with BPPV. Methods: 25-OH...

  • What You Don't Know CAN HURT YOU.  // American Fitness;Jan/Feb2002, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p12 

    Focuses on issues related to the inadequacy of milk intake among children in the United States (U.S.). Increase in the incidence of rickets cases; Information on the lack of vitamin D in milk substitutes; Recommendations of the U.S. Department of Agriculture on milk consumption.

  • 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in African-American and Caucasian/Hispanic subjects with cutaneous lupus erythematosus.  // Current Medical Literature: Dermatology;2012, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p52 

    The article presents a study which compares the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in 25 African Americans with cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) and 26 normal African Americans. The study used a questionnaire on medical history, demographics, and lifestyle habits. Results show that almost of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics