TITLE

Thermal decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide in the presence of three incompatible substances by isothermal microcalorimetry and high performance liquid chromatography

AUTHOR(S)
Chou, Y.-P.; Hou, H.-Y.; Chang, R.-H.; You, M.-L.; Peng, J.-Y.; Shu, C.-M.
PUB. DATE
June 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Thermal Analysis & Calorimetry;Jun2009, Vol. 96 Issue 3, p771
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) and its derivatives have caused many serious explosions and fires in Taiwan as a consequence of thermal instability, chemical contamination, and even mechanical shock. It has been employed in polymerization for producing phenol and dicumyl peroxide (DCPO). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to analyze the thermal hazard of CHP in the presence of sodium hydroxide (NaOH), sulfuric acid (H2SO4), and sodium bisulfite (Na2SO3). Thermokinetic parameters for decomposition, such as exothermic onset temperature ( T 0), maximum temperature ( T max), and enthalpy (Δ H), were obtained from the thermal curves. Isothermal microcalorimetry (thermal activity monitor, TAM) was employed to investigate the thermal hazards during CHP storage and CHP mixed with NaOH, H2SO4, and Na2SO3 under isothermal conditions in a reactor or container. Tests by TAM indicated that from 70 to 90 °C an autocatalytic reaction was apparent in the thermal curves. According to the results from the TAM test, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was, in turn, adopted to analyze the result of concentration versus time. By the Arrhenius equation, the activation energy ( E a) and rate constant ( k) were calculated. Depending on the process conditions, NaOH was one of the incompatible chemicals or catalysts for CHP. When CHP is mixed with NaOH, the T 0 is induced earlier and the reactions become more complex than for pure CHP, and the E a is lower than for pure CHP.
ACCESSION #
43520349

 

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