Beam emission spectroscopy for density turbulence measurements on the MAST spherical tokamak

Field, A. R.; Dunai, D.; Conway, N. J.; Zoletnik, S.; Sárközi, J.
July 2009
Review of Scientific Instruments;Jul2009, Vol. 80 Issue 7, p073503
Academic Journal
Beam emission spectroscopy (BES) of the energetic deuterium (D0) heating beams can provide a means of characterizing the density turbulence in tokamak plasmas. First such measurements have been performed on the MAST spherical tokamak using a trial BES system, which shares the collection optics of the charge-exchange recombination spectroscopy system. This system, with eight spatial channels covering the outer part of the plasma cross section, uses avalanche photodiode detectors with custom preamplifiers to provide measurements at 1 MHz bandwidth with a spatial resolution of 4 cm. Simulations of the measurement, including the beam absorption and excitation, line-of-sight integration of the emission spectrum, and the characteristics of the detection system have been benchmarked against the measured absolute intensity of the Doppler shifted Dα fluorescence from the 50 keV beam. This gives confidence in predictions of the performance of a two-dimensional imaging BES system planned for MAST. Correlation techniques have also provided information on the characteristics of the density turbulence at the periphery of L-mode plasmas as well as density perturbations due to coherent magnetohydrodynamic activity at the edge of H-mode plasmas. Precursor oscillations of the density in the pedestal region to edge-localized modes occurring during H-mode plasmas with a single-null diverted magnetic configuration are also observable in the raw signals from the trial BES system.


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