Electrochemical immunoassay using quantum dot/antibody probe for identification of cyanobacterial hepatotoxin microcystin-LR

Hye-Weon Yu; Jinwook Lee; Sungyoun Kim; Giang Huong Nguyen; Kim, In S.
August 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2009, Vol. 394 Issue 8, p2173
Academic Journal
The presence of cyanobacterial hepatotoxins such as microcystin-LR poses health threats to humans due to their potential for causing severe physiological effects when contaminated drinking water is ingested. Here, the electrochemical detection of microcystin-LR is explored using a quantum dot/antibody (QD/Ab) probe for nanoparticle-based amplification and direct electrochemical transduction. The immunological recognition of microcystin-LR using the QD/Ab probe was amplified and converted to an electrochemical signal by measuring the cadmium ions released from QD based on square wave stripping voltammetry under optimized electrochemical factors. Whereas a qualitative analysis for microcystin-LR was achieved using the specific peak potential of the anodic voltammogram at −0.6 ± 0.05 V, concentration of the toxin was quantified based on the charge density of the anodic peak; a dynamic range of 0.227 to 50 μg/L and limit of detection of 0.099 μg/L were obtained with high sensitivity. The extracted microcystin-LR from Microcystis aeruginosa was estimated as 1,944 μg/g of dried weight of the microorganism.


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