Surface plasmon resonance immunosensor for cortisol and cortisone determination

Frasconi, Marco; Mazzarino, Monica; Botrè, Francesco; Mazzei, Franco
August 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2009, Vol. 394 Issue 8, p2151
Academic Journal
In this paper, we present a surface-plasmon-resonance-based immunosensor for the real-time detection of cortisol and cortisone levels in urine and saliva samples. The method proposed here is simple, rapid, economic, sensitive, robust, and reproducible thanks also to the special features of the polycarboxylate-hydrogel-based coatings used for the antibody immobilization. The sensor surface displays a high level of stability during repeated regeneration and affinity reaction cycles. The immunosensor shows high specificity for cortisol and cortisone; furthermore, no significant interferences from other steroids with a similar chemical structure have been observed. The suitability of the hydrogel coating for the prevention of nonspecific binding is also investigated. A good correlation is noticed between the results obtained by the proposed method and the reference liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for the analysis of cortisol and cortisone in urine and saliva samples. Standard curves for the detection of cortisol and cortisone in saliva and urine are characterized by a detection limit less than 10 μg l−1, sufficiently sensitive for both clinical and forensic use. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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