Murine Local Lymph Node Assay for Predictive Testing of Allergenicity: Two Irritants Caused Significant Proliferation

Montelius, Johan; Wahlkvist, Helen; Boman, Anders; Wahlberg, Jan
October 1998
Acta Dermato-Venereologica;10/28/98, Vol. 78 Issue 6, p433
Academic Journal
The murine local lymph node assay is a method for predictive testing of contact allergenicity, but its ability to discriminate between allergens and irritants has been questioned. To explain some of the conflicting results with irritants, the proliferation induced by methyl salicylate and nonanoic acid, both considered to be non-sensitisers, was further investigated. Both substances showed a dose-response relationship and clearly positive results when tested at higher concentrations (≥50%) and would thus be classified as potential sensitisers according to the present criteria for a positive assay result. In the case of methyl salicylate, the use of either dimethyl formamide or methyl ethyl ketone as vehicle did not significantly influence the results. The negative results obtained for methyl salicylate in some earlier reports were probably due to testing at too low concentrations. The proliferation induced by irritants such as methyl salicylate and nonanoic acid and inter alia sodium dodecyl sulfate, Triton X-100, oxalic acid, chloroform/methanol (2:1) must be better recognized and elucidated before the assay can be generally accepted as a predictive test method.


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