TITLE

School-Age Children Talk About Chess: Does Knowledge Drive Syntactic Complexity?

AUTHOR(S)
Nippold, Marilyn A.
PUB. DATE
August 2009
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2009, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p856
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study examined language productivity and syntactic complexity in school-age children in relation to their knowledge of the topic of discussion--the game of chess. Method: Children (N = 32; mean age = 10;11 [years;months]) who played chess volunteered to be interviewed by an adult examiner who had little or no experience playing chess. Children's chess knowledge and experience was assessed, and each child was classified as a novice or an expert player. Each child participated in 3 speaking tasks:General Conversation, Chess Conversation, and Chess Explanation. Interviews were audiorecorded, transcribed into Systematic Analysis of Language Transcripts (J. F. Miller & R. Chapman, 2003), segmented into T-units, and coded for finite clauses. Each speaking task was analyzed for total T-units; mean length of T-unit; clausal density; and nominal, relative, and adverbial clause use. Results: Total T-units, mean length of T-unit, clausal density, and the use of each type of subordinate clause was substantially higher in the Chess Explanation task compared with the Chess Conversation task or the General Conversation task. Compared with the novices, the experts knew more about chess, had played longer, and were stronger players. Nevertheless, the novices and experts did not differ on any of the language factors for any of the speaking tasks. Conclusions: Language productivity and syntactic complexity in school-age children are strongly influenced by the speaking task. When children are presented with a motivating and challenging topic, they rise to the occasion to explain the finer details of it to a naBve adult.
ACCESSION #
43421309

 

Related Articles

  • PUTNAMIAN ANTI-ENVATTOR VER. 3.00: NEW FEATURES -- SAME RESULTS. Dagys, Jonas // Problemos / Problems;2010, Vol. 77, p39 

    The paper is devoted to a discussion and critical evaluation of antisceptical arguments in epistemology that are based on causal theory of reference, with the special focus upon the revised version of the Hilary Putnam's Brain-in-a-Vat argument presented by Olaf Müller. Müller claims that...

  • Introduction. MORTELMANS, Tanja // Cahiers Chronos;2011, Vol. 23, preceding p2 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on the semantics and/or syntax of modal and semi-modal auxiliaries in Germanic and Romance languages, and another on differences in temporal orientation between epistemic past inflected modals in English and Spanish.

  • Writing development in four genres from grades three to seven: syntactic complexity and genre differentiation. Beers, Scott F.; Nagy, William E. // Reading & Writing;Feb2011, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p183 

    Two measures of syntactic complexity, clauses per T-unit and words per clause, were used to examine differences among four genres of text-narrative, descriptive, compare/contrast, and persuasive-written by the same two cohorts (83 students in grades three and five and 96 students in grades five...

  • A Study of Performance of Children with History of Ear Infection on Linguistic Profile Test. Shany, Binoy; Subbarao, T. A.; Thushara, M. K. // Language in India;Jan2014, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p61 

    This article discusses a study which investigated the effects of early otitis media in later school age on syntactic, semantic and pragmatic aspects of language. The study involved children aged seven to ten years from Mangalore, India who were selected through a parent questionnaire. Results of...

  • [ SYNTAX ]. Stingl, Sjim // Writer (Kalmbach Publishing Co.);Apr2001, Vol. 114 Issue 4, p10 

    Discusses the misuse and overuse of several words in sentence construction or syntax. Words that are commonly misused; Semantics and application of listed terms; Opportunities for using certain terms.

  • INTRODUCTION: THE NEUROSCIENCE OF READING. Tomitch, Lêda M. B. // Ilha do Desterro: A Journal of English Language, Literatures in ;Jul-Dez2012, Issue 63, p9 

    An introduction to the journal is presented in which the editor discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on the effect of semantics on syntactic errors, one on lexical decision-making among dyslexic readers, and another on cerebral processing for reading comprehension.

  • THE EFFECT OF WRITING STYLE ON TEXT-BASED KNOWLEDGE EXTERNALIZATIONS MADE USING T-MITOCAR. Rauh, Katharina; Pirnay-Dummer, Pablo; Roeder, Anton // Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on Cognition &;2009, p93 

    Knowledge assessment is one of the key factors in theoretical research in learning psychology as well as in the practical evaluation of instructional interventions. Therefore, the development and validation of new knowledge assessment tools is of a great relevance. One recent technology is an...

  • Singleton Indefinites. Schwarzschild, Roger // Journal of Semantics;Aug2002, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p289 

    I investigate the possibility that the apparent unique scope‐taking abilities of indefinites can be explained in terms of quantifier domain restriction, without departing from the classical view of indefinites as existential quantifiers over individuals whose scope is syntactically...

  • BENGÃœTAÅžLARDAKÄ° SÖZ DÄ°zÄ°MÄ°NÄ°N ANLAMA KATKISI. Avci, Yusuf; Tüzel, Sait // Turk Dunyasi Arastirmalari;2009, Issue 178, p231 

    Literary works are monuments which become stable with the life style and conception of the society that constitutes the work at any time and any place in the history of the language. If we regard Göktürk Bengütas from this aspect, we can see the way of living, conceptions, cultures,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics