Effects of Directional Exercise on Lingual Strength

Clark, Heather M.; O'Brien, Katy; Calleja, Aimee; Corrie, Sarah Newcomb
August 2009
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2009, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p1034
Academic Journal
Purpose: To examine the application of known muscle training principles to tongue strengthening exercises and to answer the following research questions: (a) Did lingual strength increase following 9 weeks of training? (b) Did training conducted using an exercise moving the tongue in one direction result in strength changes for tongue movements in other directions? (c) Were differential training effects observed for participants completing exercises sequentially (in isolation) versus concurrently (several exercises in combination)? (d)Were strength gains maintained after exercise was discontinued? Methods: Participants were 39 healthy adults assigned to sequential or concurrent lingual strength training. Lingual exercise (elevation, protrusion, and/or lateralization) was conducted for 9 weeks, with lingual strength and cheek strength (control variable) assessed weekly. Results: All lingual strength measures increased with training, but cheek strength remained unchanged. Training effects were not related to training condition (sequential vs. concurrent), nor were specificity effects observed for direction of exercise. Significant decreases in lingual strength were noted 2-4 weeks after exercise was discontinued. Conclusions: The findings replicate those of earlier studies demonstrating that lingual strength may be increased with a variety of exercise protocols and confirm that detraining effects may be observed when training is discontinued. The findings further suggest that the lingual musculature may demonstrate less dramatic training specificity than what has been reported for skeletal muscles.


Related Articles

  • Lift Away Pain and Fatigue.  // Prevention;Oct2001, Vol. 53 Issue 10, p80 

    Focuses on the experience of Temple Pearson, who used strength training to regain energy and reduce pain following a double mastectomy.

  • Efficacy of exercise training in SCT patients-who benefits most? Wiskemann, J; Kuehl, R; Dreger, P; Schwerdtfeger, R; Huber, G; Ulrich, C M; Jaeger, D; Bohus, M // Bone Marrow Transplantation;Mar2014, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p443 

    Patients undergoing allo-HCT often experience a substantial loss in physical performance. We have recently published the general effectiveness of an exercise intervention in 105 allo-HCT patients on physical performance and psychosocial well-being. However, predictor variables for differentiated...

  • A mixed exercise training programme is feasible and safe and may improve quality of life and muscle strength in multiple myeloma survivors. Groeneveldt, Lara; Mein, Gill; Garrod, Rachel; Jewell, Andrew P.; Van Someren, Ken; Stephens, Richard; D'Sa, Shirley P.; Yong, Kwee L. // BMC Cancer;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Exercise programmes are beneficial for cancer patients however evidence is limited in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), a cancer that is characterised by osteolytic bone disease, giving rise to high levels of bone morbidity including fractures and bone pain. Methods: We conducted...

  • Effect of Orofacial Myofunctional Exercise Using an Oral Rehabilitation Tool on Labial Closure Strength, Tongue Elevation Strength and Skin Elasticity. Ibrahim, Fatimah; Arifin, Nooranida; Rahim, Zubaidah H A // Journal of Physical Therapy Science;Jan2013, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p11 

    The article reports the effects of orofacial myofunctional exercise using an oral cavity rehabilitation device on physiological parameters. It discusses methods and non-parametric Wilcoxon test was conducted using (Statistical Product and Service Solutions) SPSS version 13. Results were drawn...

  • THE EFFICACY OF A COMPREHENSIVE PELVIC FLOOR MUSCLE REHABILITATION PROGRAM OF STRESS URINARY INCONTINENCE IN WOMEN. Sangeetha, Jose Mary; Rao, Sheela // Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy;Jan-Apr2010, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p3 

    This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a Comprehensive Pelvic Floor Muscle Rehabilitation Program of Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women. 20 female subjects with Stress Urinary Incontinence were assigned randomly in Control and Experimental group (10 in each group). They were evaluated...

  • Lingual Strengthening: Success in an Outpatient Setting. Meier, Ali // Perspectives on Swallowing & Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia);Apr2015, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p71 

    No abstract available.

  • Tongue Strength and Endurance: Relation to Highly Skilled Movements. Robin, Donald A.; Goel, Anuj; Somodi, Lori B.; Luschei, Erich S. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Dec92, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p1239 

    Provides information on a study which examined tongue strength and endurance in subjects who have acquired high skill levels with their tongues and in subjects who use the tongue normally. Methods; Results; Discussions.

  • Muscle-Strength and Gait-Speed Changes After Bicycle Exercise in Participants With Unilateral CVA. Perell, Karen L.; Gregor, Robert J.; Scremin, A.M. Erika // Journal of Aging & Physical Activity;Oct2001, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p386 

    Evaluates the effect of bicycle exercise on knee-muscle strength and gait-speed changes in participants with unilateral cerebrovascular accident. Use of fifty-foot tests for gait speed; Observation of the concentric muscle strength of the knee extensors; Implications of the exercise on...

  • 0%.  // Men's Health;Sep2015, Vol. 30 Issue 7, p24 

    The article reports on the percentage of measurable change in people's strength when they lifted weights while wearing kinesio tape.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics