Comparison of psychosocial and emotional consequences of childhood strabismus on the families from rural and urban India

Kothari, Mihir; Balankhe, Suwarna; Gawade, Rinkle; Toshnival, Svetlana
September 2009
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Sep2009, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p285
Academic Journal
Purpose: To compare the psychosocial consequences of horizontal comitant strabismus in children between the families of urban and rural India. Materials and Methods: In this cohort study, an eight-question quality-of-life instrument was administered by trained staff to the guardians of strabismic children from rural and urban areas by a live interview. Results: This study included 93 strabismic-children aged 4-16 years of which 52 were females. Forty-one had esodeviation and 52 had exodeviation. Seventy per cent parents were extremely distressed due to squint, 65% were extremely distressed due to people.s remarks, 65% were extremely worried, 55% children were extremely distressed due to people.s remarks, 57% children were severely ostracized, 38% had severe difficulty in communication and 50% had difficulty to cope; 64% parents were not advised a corrective surgery. The diff erence between families from rural and urban areas, or whether a male child was aff ected or a female child or for an esodeviation or an exodeviation was statistically not significant. The questionnaire had a good internal consistency (Cronbach.s Alpha = 0.71). Conclusions: There was a significant negative psychosocial and emotional impact of childhood strabismus that was not aff ected by the rural or urban location of the family or the gender of the strabismic child or type of the deviation. The quality-of-life instrument can be used as part of the clinical examination for strabismic children.


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