TITLE

Functional and anatomical outcomes after primary lens-sparing pars plana vitrectomy for Stage 4 retinopathy of prematurity

AUTHOR(S)
Bhende, Pramod; Gopal, Lingam; Sharma, Tarun; Verma, Aditya; Biswas, Rupak Kanti
PUB. DATE
September 2009
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology;Sep2009, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p267
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: While lens-sacrificing vitrectomy is the standard approach to manage Stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), scleral buckling has been used to manage some cases of Stage 4. Lens-sparing vitrectomy was popularized by Maguire and Trese in selected cases of Stage 4 disease. Purpose: To assess the functional and visual outcomes aft er primary lens-sparing pars plana vitrectomy for Stage 4 ROP. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series, the records of 39 eyes of 31 patients presenting with Stage 4 retinal detachment secondary to ROP who underwent primary two or three-port lens-sparing vitrectomy from January 2000 to October 2006 were evaluated. The outcomes studied at the final follow-up visit were the retinal status, lens and medial clarity and visual acuity. Favorable anatomical outcome was defined as the retinal reattachment of the posterior pole at two months aft er the surgery; and favorable functional outcome was defined as a central, steady and maintained fixation, with the child following light. Results: At mean follow-up of 15 months, 74% of the eyes had a favorable anatomical outcome with single procedure. The visual status was favorable in 63%. The lens remained clear in all the eyes at the last follow-up, and the media clarity was maintained in 87%. Intraoperative complications included vitreous hemorrhage, pre-retinal hemorrhage and retinal break formation. Conclusions: Lens-sparing vitrectomy helps to achieve a favorable anatomical and functional outcome in selected cases of Stage 4 ROP.
ACCESSION #
43247861

 

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