TITLE

Terrorism in Australia: factors associated with perceived threat and incident-critical behaviours

AUTHOR(S)
Stevens, Garry; Agho, Kingsley; Taylor, Melanie; Barr, Margo; Raphael, Beverley; Jorm, Louisa
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: To help improve incident preparedness this study assessed socio-demographic and socio-economic predictors of perceived risk of terrorism within Australia and willingness to comply with public safety directives during such incidents. Methods: The terrorism perception question module was incorporated into the New South Wales Population Health Survey and was completed by a representative sample of 2,081 respondents in early 2007. Responses were weighted against the New South Wales population. Results: Multivariate analyses indicated that those with no formal educational qualifications were significantly more likely (OR = 2.10, 95%CI:1.32-3.35, p < 0.001) to think that a terrorist attack is very or extremely likely to occur in Australia and also more likely (OR = 3.62, 95%CI:2.25-5.83, p < 0.001) to be very or extremely concerned that they or a family member would be directly affected, compared to those with a university-level qualification. Speaking a language other than English at home predicted high concern (very/extremely) that self or family would be directly affected (OR = 3.02, 95%CI:2.02-4.53, p < 0.001) and was the strongest predictor of having made associated changes in living (OR = 3.27, 95%CI:2.17-4.93, p < 0.001). Being female predicted willingness to evacuate from public facilities. Speaking a language other than English at home predicted low willingness to evacuate. Conclusion: Low education level is a risk factor for high terrorism risk perception and concerns regarding potential impacts. The pattern of concern and response among those of migrant background may reflect secondary social impacts associated with heightened community threat, rather than the direct threat of terrorism itself. These findings highlight the need for terrorism risk communication and related strategies to address the specific concerns of these sub-groups as a critical underpinning of population-level preparedness.
ACCESSION #
43226956

 

Related Articles

  • Public Perception and Acceptability of Technological Risk: Policy Implications for Governance. SungWook Choi // Journal of Convergence Information Technology;Aug2013, Vol. 8 Issue 13, p605 

    The arguments in this paper focus on the need to consider socio-demographic and cultural factors in risk assessment and the policy-making process. Two rounds of sample surveys were conducted to empirically test the impact of public perception on technological risk/safety. Following a brief...

  • Correlates of intention to use condoms among Sub-Saharan African youth: The applicability of the theory of planned behaviour. Schaalma, Herman; Aarø, Leif Edvard; Flisher, Alan J.; Mathews, Catherine; Kaaya, Sylvia; Onya, Hans; Ragnarson, Anders; Klepp, Knut-Inge // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Jun2009 Supplement, Vol. 37 Issue s2, p87 

    Aims: To test the applicability of an extended version of the theory of planned behaviour for the study of condom use intentions among large samples of young people in South Africa and Tanzania. Methods: Baseline data of a randomized controlled trial of school-based HIV/AIDS prevention...

  • Risk Perceptions Among Participants Undergoing Lung Cancer Screening: Baseline Results from the National Lung Screening Trial. Park, Elyse R.; Ostroff, Jamie S.; Rakowski, William; Gareen, Ilana F.; Diefenbach, Michael A.; Feibelmann, Sandra; Rigotti, Nancy A. // Annals of Behavioral Medicine;2009, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p268 

    Lung cancer screening could present a “teachable moment” for promoting smoking cessation and relapse prevention. Understanding the risk perceptions of older individuals who undergo screening will guide these efforts. This paper examines National Lung Screening Trial (NLST)...

  • Risk Perception and Disaster Management in the Savannah Region of Ghana. Aboagye, Dacosta; Dari, Theresa; Koomson, Joseph // International Journal of Humanities & Social Science;Feb2013, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p85 

    Human vulnerability to hazards is generated from the interaction of the physical and human environment and interventions made to cope with hazards. To intervene with a hazard, the event or its consequences may be prevented or mitigated. The main aim of the study was to show how differences in...

  • Determination of Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior about Genetically Modified Organisms in Nursing School Students. Turker, Turker; Kocak, Necmettin; Aydin, Ibrahim; İstanbulluoğlu, Hakan; Yildiran, Nuri; Turk, Yusuf Ziya; Kilic, Selim // Gulhane Medical Journal;Dec2013, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p297 

    BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is finding out the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of nursing school students regarding Genetically Modified Organisms. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted students of Gulhane Military Medical Academy Nursing School on February-May 2010. In our...

  • Awareness and Knowledge of Glaucoma among Workers in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Care Institution. Komolafe, O. O.; Omolase, C. O.; Bekibele, C. O.; Ogunleye, O. A.; Komolafe, O. A.; Omotayo, F. O. // Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology;Apr-Jun2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p163 

    Purpose: The aim of this study reports the level of awareness and knowledge of glaucoma among selected health care personnel at a health institution in southwestern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Health personnel at the Federal Medical Centre, Owo, Nigeria, a tertiary health care institution...

  • Worry as a Moderator of the Association Between Risk Perceptions and Quitting Intentions in Young Adult and Adult Smokers. Klein, William M. P.; Zajac, Laura E.; Monin, Matthew M. // Annals of Behavioral Medicine;2009, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p256 

    Although much work addresses the association between risk perceptions and behavior, much less attention has been devoted to identifying psychosocial and sociodemographic moderators of this relationship. We explored whether worry moderates the relationship between risk perceptions and behavioral...

  • Flood risk perception along the Lower Danube river, Romania. Armas, Iuliana; Ionescu, Radu; Posner, Cristina // Natural Hazards;Dec2015, Vol. 79 Issue 3, p1913 

    Risk can be seen as both objective, quantifiable, and subjective, constructed at an individual level. This paper focuses on the latter and aims to explore flood perceptions in relation to socio-demographic variables and various economic measures. The data were drawn from four villages on the...

  • How Safe Is Russia? Public Risk Perception and Nuclear Security. Khripunov, Igor // Problems of Post-Communism;Sep2007, Vol. 54 Issue 5, p19 

    The article examines the public risk perception and nuclear security in Russia, including factors contributing to the process. Brief description and information regarding the historical background of Russia is further presented. The ambiguities in their risk definition was taken into account as...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics