TITLE

Smoking, drinking and body weight after re-employment: does unemployment experience and compensation make a difference?

AUTHOR(S)
Bolton, Kelly L.; Rodriguez, Eunice
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The impact of unemployment on behaviours such as smoking, drinking and body weight has been extensively researched. However, little is known about the possible protective effects of social assistance programs on these behavioural changes. This study examines the impact of unemployment periods on smoking, drinking and body weight changes among re-employed individuals and investigates whether the receipt of unemployment benefits influences these behaviours. Methods: This study used panel data provided by the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. Logistic regression models were used to analyze whether a period of unemployment in 2000 resulted in an increase in smoking and drinking or fluctuations in body weight among 2001 re-employed individuals in comparison with 1999 baseline levels. A total of 3,451 respondents who had been initially healthy and who had been continuously employed between 1998 and 1999 were included in the analysis. Results: Compared to stably employed respondents, those who had experienced periods of unemployment in 2000 and did not receive unemployment benefits were more likely than continuously employed individuals to report an increase in alcohol consumption (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.0-3.1) and a decrease in body weight (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1-2.8) when they were already reemployed in 2001. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the receipt of unemployment benefits confers a protective effect on health behavioural changes following periods of unemployment. These findings underscore the need to monitor the impact of unemployment assistance programs on health, particularly in light of the rapidly changing structure of employment and unemployment benefits.
ACCESSION #
43226942

 

Related Articles

  • The Gender-Specific Association between Age at First Drink and Later Alcohol Drinking Patterns in Korea. Kang, Minsun; Kim, Jae-Hyun; Cho, Woo-Hyun; Park, Eun-Cheol // PLoS ONE;Mar2014, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p1 

    This study investigated the association between the age at first drink and later alcohol drinking patterns, and analyzed whether differences in the association exist among Korean adults according to gender. The subjects included 10,649 adults (5,405 men and 5,244 women) from the fourth Korean...

  • Role of a Genetic Variant on the 15q25.1 Lung Cancer Susceptibility Locus in Smoking-Associated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. Ji, Xuemei; Zhang, Weidong; Gui, Jiang; Fan, Xia; Zhang, Weiwei; Li, Yafang; An, Guangyu; Zhu, Dakai; Hu, Qiang // PLoS ONE;Oct2014, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p1 

    Background: The 15q25.1 lung cancer susceptibility locus, containing CHRNA5, could modify lung cancer susceptibility and multiple smoking related phenotypes. However, no studies have investigated the association between CHRNA5 rs3841324, which has been proven to have the highest association...

  • World War II-related post-traumatic stress disorder and breast cancer risk among Israeli women: a case-control study. Vin-Raviv, Neomi; Dekel, Rachel; Barchana, Micha; Linn, Shai; Keinan-Boker, Lital // International Psychogeriatrics;Mar2014, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p499 

    Background:Several studies have suggested that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is related to adverse health outcomes. There are limited data on PTSD and cancer, which has a long latency period. We investigated the association between World War II (WWII)-related PTSD and subsequent breast...

  • Combined Effects of Smoking and Alcohol on Metabolic Syndrome: The LifeLines Cohort Study. Slagter, Sandra N.; van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Jana V.; Vonk, Judith M.; Boezen, H. Marieke; Dullaart, Robin P. F.; Kobold, Anneke C. Muller.; Feskens, Edith J. M.; van Beek, André P.; van der Klauw, Melanie M.; Wolffenbuttel, Bruce H.R. // PLoS ONE;Apr2014, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p1 

    Introduction: The development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is influenced by environmental factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. We determined the combined effects of smoking and alcohol on MetS and its individual components. Methods: 64,046 participants aged 18–80 years from...

  • FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH TOBACCO SMOKING AND THE BELIEF ABOUT WEIGHT CONTROL EFFECT OF SMOKING AMONG HUNGARIAN ADOLESCENTS. Pénzes, Melinda; Czeglédi, Edit; Balázs, Peter; Foley, Kristie L. // Central European Journal of Public Health;2012, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p11 

    Introduction: The relationship between body weight and smoking has been well-documented among adult populations, but the data among youth are inconsistent. This study explores the relationship among social, behavioural, body weight-related factors and adolescent smoking while identifying factors...

  • Changes in Waist Circumference and Mortality in Middle-Aged Men and Women. Berentzen, Tina Landsvig; Jakobsen, Marianne Uhre; Halkjaer, Jytte; Tjønneland, Anne; Overvad, Kim; Sørensen, Thorkild I. A. // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Waist circumference (WC) adjusted for body mass index (BMI) is positively associated with mortality, but the association with changes in WC is less clear. We investigated the association between changes in WC and mortality in middle-aged men and women, and evaluated the influence...

  • Smoking and γ-Glutamyltransferase: Opposite Interactions with Alcohol Consumption and Body Mass Index. Breitling, Lutz P.; Arndt, Volker; Drath, Christoph; Rothenbacher, Dietrich; Brenner, Hermann // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 9, p1 

    Background: Smoking has recently been suggested to synergistically interact with alcohol intake as a determinant of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (γ-GT), an emergent powerful predictor of disease and mortality. This study investigated whether this also applies to higher smoking and alcohol...

  • Gender specific factors associated with having stopped smoking among in-school adolescents in Ukraine: results from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2005. Hazemba, Alice; Siziya, Seter; Muula, Adamson S.; Rudatsikira, Emmanuel // BMC Research Notes;2010, Vol. 3, p76 

    Background: The prevalence of cigarette smoking in Ukraine is different between genders and is among the highest in the world. There is need to identify gender-specific factors that are associated with having stopped smoking among adolescents. Findings: We used data from the Ukraine Global Youth...

  • Alcohol, metabolic risk and elevated serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) in Indigenous Australians. Haren, Matthew T.; Ming Li; Petkov, John; McDermott, Robyn A. // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p454 

    Background: The interaction between overweight/obesity and alcohol intake on liver enzyme concentrations have been demonstrated. No studies have yet examined the interaction between metabolic syndrome or multiple metabolic risk factors and alcohol intake on liver enzymes. The aim of this study...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics