TITLE

Are there gender differences in the geography of alcohol-related mortality in Scotland? An ecological study

AUTHOR(S)
Emslie, Carol; Mitchell, Richard
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: There is growing concern about alcohol-related harm, particularly within Scotland which has some of the highest rates of alcohol-related death in western Europe. There are large gender differences in alcohol-related mortality rates in Scotland and in other countries, but the reasons for these differences are not clearly understood. In this paper, we aimed to address calls in the literature for further research on gender differences in the causes, contexts and consequences of alcohol-related harm. Our primary research question was whether the kind of social environment which tends to produce higher or lower rates of alcohol-related mortality is the same for both men and women across Scotland. Methods: Cross-sectional, ecological design. A comparison was made between spatial variation in men's and women's age-standardised alcohol-related mortality rates in Scotland using maps, Moran's Index, linear regression and spatial analyses of residuals. Directly standardised mortality rates were derived from individual level records of death registration, 2000-2005 (n = 8685). Results: As expected, men's alcohol-related mortality rate substantially exceeded women's and there was substantial spatial variation in these rates for both men and women within Scotland. However, there was little spatial variation in the relationship between men's and women's alcoholmortality rates (r2 = 0.73); areas with relatively high rates of alcohol-related mortality for men tended also to have relatively high rates for women. In a small number of areas (8 out of 144) the relationship between men's and women's alcohol-related mortality rates was significantly different. Conclusion: In as far as geographic location captures exposure to social and economic environment, our results suggest that the relationship between social and economic environment and alcohol-related harm is very similar for men and women. The existence of a small number of areas in which men's and women's alcohol-related mortality had an different relationship suggests that some places may have unusual drinking cultures. These might prove useful for further investigations into the factors which influence drinking behaviour in men and women.
ACCESSION #
43226922

 

Related Articles

  • Introduction to the Special Issue of Alcohol and Alcoholism on Sex/Gender Differences in Responses to Alcohol. Devaud, Leslie L.; Prendergast, Mark A. // Alcohol & Alcoholism;Nov/Dec2009, Vol. 44 Issue 6, p533 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including sex differences in response to alcohol, sex differences observed in many of neuroadaptive responses of prolonged alcohol exposure, and stress responses in newly abstinent female, as opposed to male, alcohol dependents.

  • Male, female drinkers have different treatment needs.  // Addiction Letter;Apr93, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p3 

    Reveals that women alcoholics tend to respond better to `self-help' programs and all-female group therapy than to treatment in male-dominated programs, cited from the British Journal of Addiction, 87. Short-term follow-ups; Moderation program; Educational materials; Greater social stigma.

  • TREATMENT: Treatment for Alcohol Dependence in Catalonia: Health Outcomes and Stability of Drinking Patterns over 20 Years in 850 Patients. Gual, Antoni; Bravo, Fabián; Lligoña, Anna; Colom, Joan // Alcohol & Alcoholism;Jul/Aug2009, Vol. 44 Issue 4, p409 

    Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes in alcohol-dependent patients following outpatient treatment and gender differences in drinking outcome and mortality. Methods: A 20-year longitudinal prospective study was done with interim analyses at 1, 5 and 10 years. Of the...

  • Alcohol consumption: the good, the bad, and the indifferent. Ferreira, Maria Pontes; Willoughby, Darryn // Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Feb2008, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p12 

    Dietary ethanol (alcohol) is the most widely consumed drug worldwide. High levels of mortality, morbidity, and social malaise are associated with abuse of alcohol, and increasing numbers of women and youth are abusing alcohol. However, strong epidemiological data demonstrate a U- or J-shaped...

  • ABSTRACTS.  // Gerontologist;Oct2000 Special Issue, Vol. 40, p349 

    Presents a summary of the symposium Self-Related Health and Mortality: Gender Differences From a European Perspective.

  • SITUATED EMPATHY: VARIATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH TARGET GENDER ACROSS SITUATIONS. Staats, Sara; Long, Lori; Manulik, Katarzyna; Kelley, Patty // Social Behavior & Personality: an international journal;2006, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p431 

    The aim of this study is to present a situated measure of empathy where person features such as gender of target and respondent vary within particular social contexts. The Empathy Situation Reaction Scale (ESRS; Manulik, Kelley, White. & Staats, 2004) has good psychometric properties for three...

  • Empathy matters: ERP evidence for inter-individual differences in social language processing. van den Brink, Dani�lle; Van Berkum, Jos J.A.; Bastiaansen, Marcel C.M.; Tesink, Cathelijne M.J.Y.; Kos, Miriam; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Hagoort, Peter // Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience;Feb2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p173 

    When an adult claims he cannot sleep without his teddy bear, people tend to react surprised. Language interpretation is, thus, influenced by social context, such as who the speaker is. The present study reveals inter-individual differences in brain reactivity to social aspects of language....

  • A thing so fallen, and so vile: Images of drinking and sexuality in women. Leigh, Barbara C. // Contemporary Drug Problems;Fall95, Vol. 22 Issue 3, p415 

    Examines some of the elements that may contribute to beliefs and opinions about sex differences in alcohol-related sexual responses, particularly on people's perceptions of the drinking woman. Notion that the drinking woman is denigrated; Factors contributing to the disapproval of women's...

  • Sex-related differences among 100 patients with alcoholic liver disease. Morgan, Marsha Y.; Sherlock, Sheila // British Medical Journal;4/9/1977, Vol. 1 Issue 6066, p939 

    Examines the sex-related differences among patients with alcoholic liver diseases in London, England. Consideration on the alcohol abuse history of patients; Incidence of chronic advanced liver disease; Development of primary liver cancer.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics