TITLE

Nuclear Energy and Health: And the Benefits of Low-Dose Radiation Hormesis

AUTHOR(S)
Cuttler, Jerry M.; Pollycove, Myron
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
Dose-Response;2009, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p52
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Energy needs worldwide are expected to increase for the foreseeable future, but fuel supplies are limited. Nuclear reactors could supply much of the energy demand in a safe, sustainable manner were it not for fear of potential releases of radioactivity. Such releases would likely deliver a low dose or dose rate of radiation, within the range of naturally occurring radiation, to which life is already accustomed. The key areas of concern are discussed. Studies of actual health effects, especially thyroid cancers, following exposures are assessed. Radiation hormesis is explained, pointing out that beneficial effects are expected following a low dose or dose rate because protective responses against stresses are stimulated. The notions that no amount of radiation is small enough to be harmless and that a nuclear accident could kill hundreds of thousands are challenged in light of experience: more than a century with radiation and six decades with reactors. If nuclear energy is to play a significant role in meeting future needs, regulatory authorities must examine the scientific evidence and communicate the real health effects of nuclear radiation. Negative images and implications of health risks derived by unscientific extrapolations of harmful effects of high doses must be dispelled.
ACCESSION #
43018251

 

Related Articles

  • What Becomes of Nuclear Risk Assessment in Light of Radiation Hormesis? Cuttler, Jerry M. // Dose-Response;2007, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p80 

    A nuclear probabilistic risk or safety assessment (PRA or PSA) is a scientific calculation that uses assumptions and models to determine the likelihood of plant or fuel repository failures and the corresponding releases of radioactivity. Estimated radiation doses to the surrounding population...

  • Night Burial.  // Time;7/6/1953, Vol. 62 Issue 1, p69 

    The article reports on the move to shutdown the Chalk River atomic energy project in Canada in December 1952 due to the leakage of radioactive material in the project's nuclear reactor. An aluminum tank containing radioactive materials was covered with a canvas shroud, put on a deserted place...

  • Nuclear probe.  // New Scientist;11/3/90, Vol. 128 Issue 1741, p23 

    Reports that Dutch Ministers of Parliament have approved a government plan to spend millions of dollars evaluating the safety of nuclear power and the disposal of nuclear waste. Assessment of the safety of the country's two nuclear reactors; Sensitivity of the government to the threat of rising...

  • ACTIVATION ANALYSIS OF CONCRETE AND GRAPHITE IN THE EXPERIMENTAL REACTOR RUS. Cometto, M.; Ridikas, D.; Aubert, M. C.; Damoy, F.; Ancius, D. // Radiation Protection Dosimetry;2005, Vol. 115 Issue 1-4, p104 

    The decommissioning and dismantling of nuclear installations after their service life involves the necessary disassembling, handling and disposing of a large amount of radioactive equipment and structures. In particular, the concrete that has been used as a biological reactor shield and graphite...

  • MILITARY AND INDUSTRIAL USE OF FISSION PRODUCTS.  // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;May1951, Vol. 7 Issue 5, p153 

    The article offers information on the industrial and military uses of accumulated fission products. It is noted that the operation of atomic reactors result to the accumulation of large volume of fission products. These are a mixture of radioactive isotopes, with different radiation and varied...

  • US reactor accident melts nuclear credibility.  // New Scientist;11/18/2006, Vol. 192 Issue 2578, Special section p20 

    The article presents information on a nuclear accident at Metropolitan Edison Co.'s reactor in Middletown, Pennsylvania. The accident caused significant amounts of radioactive compounds to vent from the plant. The company issued hard-to-believe reassurances, that, all was well and publicised low...

  • NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS AND RADIATION HAZARD INDICES IN GRANITE FROM ASWAN TO WADI EL-ALLAQI SOUTHEASTERN DESERT, EGYPT. El-Taher, A.; Uosif, M. A. M.; Orabi, A. A. // Radiation Protection Dosimetry;2007, Vol. 124 Issue 2, p148 

    Studies on radiation level and radionuclide distribution in granite from Aswan to Wadi El-Allaqi area that is located in south-eastern desert of Egypt were undertaken. The samples collected from five locations: Gabal El Mesala, Umm Hibal, Abu Herigle, Abu Marw and Deneibit El Quleib. The purpose...

  • Atomic Energy: New Peaceful Uses. Fozzy, Paula // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Jan1962, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p42 

    The article reports on the new peaceful uses of atomic energy which were shown in 1961. According to the author, there are three characteristics of radioactive materials which describe for many of their uses. These include the ability of radiation to penetrate solid materials, the fact that...

  • Radiation Pollution of the Environment. Lindop, Patricia J.; Rotblat, Joseph // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Sep1971, Vol. 27 Issue 7, p17 

    The article focuses on the ill effects of nuclear energy pollution to the environment and the health hazards it brings to the people in the U.S. Nuclear energy has advantages useful for the growth of the economy but the destruction it has caused on the environment must be considered. In this...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics