Possibility of dc drift reduction of Ti:LiNbO[sub 3] modulators via dry O[sub 2] annealing process

Nagata, Hirotoshi; Ichikawa, Junichiro; Kobayashi, Masanobu; Hidaka, Jun; Honda, Hideki; Kiuchi, Kazumasa; Sugamata, Tohru
March 1994
Applied Physics Letters;3/7/1994, Vol. 64 Issue 10, p1180
Academic Journal
Investigates the possibility of direct current (dc) drift reduction of titanium doped lithium niobate modulators. Use of the dry oxygen annealing process; Effect of the doped modulators on hydrogen impurities; Role of hydrogen ions in the dc and recovery drift mechanisms.


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